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Disaster risk management in South Asia : regional overview (English)

Despite increasing disaster risk in South Asia Region (SAR), awareness and understanding of this risk among individuals and governments remains low. As an emerging topic, exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards and their consequential impacts are not yet at the forefront of development agendas. Disasters result from the combination of three key elements: i) natural hazards, including earthquakes, cyclones, excess rainfall, tsunamis, etc.; ii) exposure (of people and property to these hazards); and iii) vulnerability (of the human and physical capital exposed) due to physical, social, economic, governance, and environmental factors that increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of a natural hazard. To promote engagement in disaster and climate risk management practices, this report informs readers about the elements that are driving increases in disaster risk in SAR. The report first examines the regional rise in disaster events and losses, the nature of the hazards, the drivers of current and future disaster loss, and provides an overview of activities that can reduce the vulnerability of exposed assets.

Details

  • Author

    Van Bronkhorst,Bernice K.

  • Document Date

    2012/12/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    76302

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    South Asia,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2013/07/26

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Disaster risk management in South Asia : regional overview

  • Keywords

    population at risk;panel for climate change;impact of disaster;gross fixed capital;state of emergency;early warning system;construction of building;Construction Building;concentration of asset;threat of disaster;infrastructure and capital;disaster risk management;high population density;natural hazard;natural disaster;seismic activity;storm event;informal sector;billion people;rainfall pattern;infrastructure spending;effective risk;crowding out;seismic event;non-profit organization;meteorological events;affected communities;building practice;building code;positive growth;environmental risk;fiscal resource;subsidiary right;storm surge;high concentration;risk financing;population trend;Population Growth;precipitation pattern;tropical cyclone;mortality risk;excess rainfall;international hazards;rainfall trend;base year;cyclone event;future asset;mitigation activity;limited capacity;productive asset;financial instrument;flood risk;earthquake risk;drought risk;global temperature;Climate Risk;trigger action;social capital;high rainfall;capital stock;raise awareness;heat wave;

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Citation

Van Bronkhorst,Bernice K.

Disaster risk management in South Asia : regional overview (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/648281468170977802/Disaster-risk-management-in-South-Asia-regional-overview