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West Bank and Gaza - The economic effects of restricted access to land in the West Bank (English)

In developing countries, land is of fundamental importance to economic activity and development: it is often the most common means of storing wealth and a powerful economic asset; it provides a foundation for economic activity in sectors as varied as agriculture, industries, housing and tourism; and it is also a key factor in the functioning of market, and non-market institutions. In the West Bank, land takes on a particular significance, as economic activity has been stifled by the ongoing conflict; and as much of the land area is inaccessible due to Israeli restrictions on movement of people and access to natural resources. This policy note aims at analyzing the channels through which land access restrictions and market distortions constrain productive and public sector investment, and trace their effects on the development of key economic sectors.


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  • Document Type

    Other Public Sector Study

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  • Country

    West Bank and Gaza,

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    West Bank and Gaza - The economic effects of restricted access to land in the West Bank

  • Keywords

    Access to Land, access to services, agricultural production, apartment, apartment building, aquifers, archeological sites, banks, capacity building, Central Planning, cities, civil service, common property, communities, community participation, Construction, cost of living, crowding out, demographic growth, devolution, economic activity, Economic Development, Economic Effects, economic growth, economic impact, economic situation, economic value, economies of scale, Electricity, employment, environmental, environmental management, environmental problems, hazardous wastes, housing, housing demand, housing shortage, housing units, imports, income, industrial expansion, inventory, Land Administration, Land development, land management, land market, Land Ownership, land prices, land resources, land supply, land tenure, land title, Land transfer, Land Use, Land Use Planning, laws, legislation, licenses, living conditions, local governments, Local Level, mandates, market distortions, municipal councils, municipal employees, municipal services, municipalities, municipality, natural resources, operating costs, overgrazing, pollution, population densities, population growth, private capital, private homes, Private Land, private lands, private owners, Private Sector, productivity, property law, property rights, provisions, public, public funds, public infrastructure, Public investment, Public investment in infrastructure, public sector, public sector employment, public services, Public Works, rangelands, real estate, Regulatory Framework, reorganization, residential areas, rural areas, rural development, rural population, savings, settlements, sewage, solid waste disposal, State Lands, tax, tax collection, tax rates, telecommunications, towns, transparency, transport, urban areas, Urban Development, urban growth, urban population, urban roads, utilities, vacant land, villages, waste management, water supply, zoning



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West Bank and Gaza - The economic effects of restricted access to land in the West Bank (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.