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Poverty and income distribution in Brazil (English)

This article refutes the contention that Brazil's development has not benefitted the poor and that rapid growth has had a polarizing effect on the distribution of income. Using the National Household Expenditure Survey of 1974-75, it concludes that the income levels of the poor have been underestimated in the past. The evidence also suggests that occupational and regional variables are powerful determinants of income stratification. Wage rate statistics convey information about long-term trends in income. The article notes considerable increases in rural wages during the 1970s as well as wage improvements in the urban informal sector. The article reviews statistical evidence bearing on distribution. The distribution of income in Brazil is undoubtedly very skewed. However, it is not possible to come to conclusions about changes that might have occurred in the degree of inequality over time. Finally, the article includes data on the distribution of education and the distribution of life expectancy and notes improvement over time in both. The Brazilian population census of 1980 is used to update some of the statistical material.

Details

  • Author

    WEBB, R. PFEFFERMANN, G.

  • Document Date

    1983/06/30

  • Document Type

    Journal Article

  • Report Number

    REP259

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Brazil,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/10

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Poverty and income distribution in Brazil

  • Keywords

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Citation

WEBB, R. PFEFFERMANN, G.

Poverty and income distribution in Brazil (English). World Bank reprint series ; no. REP Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/660721468020043434/Poverty-and-income-distribution-in-Brazil