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Romania - Competitive cities : reshaping the economic geography of Romania : Full report (English)

This document examines the geographic distribution of employed individuals across Romania, the implications, and recommendations. Under optimal conditions, cities concentrate economic resources and human talent in a virtuous cycle of increasing urbanization that generates a diverse range of opportunities, enabling people to find better-paying jobs, companies to recruit employees with the right set of skills, and capital and ideas to flow across space more efficiently. The benefits of agglomeration kick in rapidly, increasing the attraction of cities as living and working spaces. However, in the short term, uneven development across regions is both a normal and an inevitable phenomenon. Regrettably, many policymakers tend to resist growing internal divergence, trying to artificially spread the benefits of growth evenly across space. In practice, however, such policies rarely have the intended effects, often wasting resources and slowing down the economy. The basic solution for lagging areas is instead to connect people living there to opportunities in growing cities and offer them access to basic infrastructure for encouraging short-term working mobility and discouraging depopulation/ peremptory migration in favor of intra- and inter-county commuting. In the long run, convergence in living standards will occur as benefits from leading areas spill over to surrounding communities and people who had left lagging areas bring back capital, jobs, and ideas.

Details

  • Author

    Blankespoor,Brian, Burduja,Sebastian Ioan, Cojocaru,Stefan Lucian, Ionescu-Heroiu,Marcel, Iorga, Elena, Man,Titus-Cristian, Moldovan,Sandu Ciprian, Moretti,Enrico, Rus, Raularian, Sandu,Dumitru D., Van Der Weide,Roy

  • Document Date

    2013/12/26

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    84324

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    Romania,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2014/02/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Full report

  • Keywords

    good quality of life;quality of life indicator;Factor Mobility and Migration;gravity model;Population Growth;share of export;large urban areas;water and sewage;inclusive economic growth;expenditure on transport;social and environmental;quality public service;global economic crisis;world war ii;sense of ownership;access to water;availability of resource;investment in capital;Type of Investment;greenhouse gas emission;public transport network;births per woman;public transport infrastructure;long term growth;good quality education;public utility service;import of goods;migrant sending countries;role of innovation;proximity to market;territorial development strategy;correlation between poverty;public utility infrastructure;rehabilitation of infrastructure;high population density;flow of people;rail freight traffic;cost of living;exogenous technological change;remote rural area;Solid Waste Management;remittance receiving country;positive spillover effect;means of transport;means of transportation;investment in road;infant mortality rate;colleges and university;Economic growth theories;long-term economic growth;road infrastructure;productivity growth;marginalized group;expressway network;metropolitan area;lagging region;land market;urban development;inclusive growth;minority group;demographic shift;marginalized communities;scale economy;market force;productivity increase;demography;centralized economy;competitive cities;trading partner;fertility rate;labor pool;running water;high share;economic zone;life standard;rail infrastructure;economic sector;sewage system;Road Networks;access time;living standard;Labor Market;pedestrian area;Bike Path;wage distribution;competitive city;multiplier effect;improving infrastructure;cross border flow;cross-border flow;rising tide;local development;economic geography;market dynamic;productive capacity;green space;productive activity;vicious cycle;market economy;Higher Education;green area;entrepreneurial activity;road development;primarily use;regional infrastructure;tertiary enrollment;business infrastructure;professional opportunities;regional pattern;critical data;Public Transportation;business environment;building industrial;poor community;geographic condition;social housing;development path;media campaign;regional growth;quantitative data;communist countries;transport cost;public fund;suburban area;regional trends;policy solutions;census results;city competitiveness;rail connection;downtown area;investment need;global economy;social sense;cultural building;export market;population decline;global market;local economy;agricultural society;factory worker;reference point;software program;potential contribution;public intervention;population increase;skilled people;demographic decline;economic expansion;mathematical model;population number;improved accessibility;impact investment;central heating;health infrastructure;productive workforce;clean water;productive potential;blank spot;land price;trolleybus network;pedestrian path;sustainable transport;rural hinterland;positive growth;Trade Logistics;Investment priorities;investment priority;investment design;inclusive development;international level;increasing share;economic efficiency;financial efficiency;geographic reach;export good;increased trade;metro network;wage sector;goods transport;construction permit;investment information;national border;restrictive trade;rural population;local public;state budget;mobility challenge;spatial disparities;high concentration;motorway network;passenger rail;school performance;small cities;software industry;average household;unemployed population;partnership agreement;fiscal benefit;urban heat;Traffic Accident;trade flow;institutional improvement;software industrial;labor mobility;administrative boundary;rail access;city population;rail network;gravity field;

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Citation

Blankespoor,Brian Burduja,Sebastian Ioan Cojocaru,Stefan Lucian Ionescu-Heroiu,Marcel Iorga, Elena Man,Titus-Cristian Moldovan,Sandu Ciprian Moretti,Enrico Rus, Raularian Sandu,Dumitru D. Van Der Weide,Roy

Romania - Competitive cities : reshaping the economic geography of Romania : Full report (English). Romania regional development program,Romania Spatial and Territorial Strategy,Competitive cities: reshaping the economic geography of Romania Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/664361468093270286/Full-report