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Urban planning and environment in Sub-Saharan Africa (English)

Although still partly nomadic and just beginning the development of its rural areas, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is in the midst of a rapid urbanization phase. From an environmental point of view, this rapid urban development poses two related problems: a) the extension of cities undermines the pre-existing natural environment and increases the risk of natural disasters (the "green agenda"); meanwhile the deterioration of urban areas puts a burden on the living conditions of city dwellers, especially the poorest of the city dwellers (the "brown agenda"). This study examines to what extent urban planning can solve these problems through a) helping protect the physical and biological environments and b) improving the urban milieu. Urban planning in this context means both regional planning, including population and land use policies, and urban planning in the proper sense, which aims to organize the development of built-up areas while regulating occupancy and land use. This document has five parts: 1) an overview of the present status of urban development in Africa and of its evaluation perspective until 2025; 2) a "desirable scenario" of urban planning from an environmental point of view; 3) considerations about water cycle and urban transport management; 4) identification of problems encountered in urban planning under the Bank supported urban projects; 5) a strategy for the next 30 years in the area of regional development and urban planning.


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    Venard, J. L.

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    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

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    Urban planning and environment in Sub-Saharan Africa

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    Urban Planning;urban population;land use planning;urban environment and sanitation;Management of Natural Resources;access to potable water;land use management;real estate market;population and environment;sustainable development strategy;land use policy;urban land use;water cycle management;environmental management strategy;total world population;Natural Resource Management;rights of way;water and electricity;rural road network;urban transport service;Coastal Zone Management;loss of knowledge;sense of public;rapid urban growth;solid waste collection;drinking water supply;public finance crisis;clean drinking water;local public investment;inadequate water supply;extended family system;movement of population;access to land;urban transport management;saharan africa;allocation of investment;population growth rate;secondary road network;urban population growth;urban water system;public health official;land management strategies;Urban Transport Policy;urban social movement;large urban areas;rural area;urban development;city dweller;regional planning;urban dweller;urban extension;demographic growth;medium-size city;environmental issue;rural zones;industrial country;urban network;Urban Infrastructure;Rural Sector;urban service;living condition;coastal city;colonial era;urban expansion;urbanized countries;rural land;small cities;natural disaster;natural environment;environment management;legal text;Demographic Transition;land occupation;industrial zone;customary right;brown agenda;size classification;rapid urbanization;land occupancy;money circulation;private investment;investment choice;local development;agricultural production;urbanized regions;dramatic change;geographic information;neighborhood association;national policy;soil erosion;urban policy;fragile ecosystem;liquid waste;rural transportation infrastructure;traditional construction;urban sector;agricultural economy;urban component;urban productivity;village communities;state capital;external financing;urban milieu;environmental problem;world economy;urban region;secondary city;decentralized service;political influence;religious missions;Public Utilities;civil society;social promotion;colonial enterprise;elected representative;intermediate technology;transport need;financing need;adequate regulatory;migratory flows;modern sector;port area;regional capital;atmospheric pollution;Fiscal policies;power supply;donor support;Public Infrastructure;sanitation problem;food supply;human settlement;public authority;colonial rule;local democracy;social structure;productivity differences;increase productivity;transportation need;short distance;sociological analysis;urbanization level;social fabric;land market;spatial dimension;central administration;management tool;public servant;unsanitary condition;internal capacity;infrastructure financing;urbanized land;administrative region;paved road;public lighting;annex annex;city productivity;equal distribution;political transformation;land right;technical department;property system;multilateral agency;urban districts;historical perspective;future time;environmental knowledge;long-term perspective;environmental perspective;water table;environmental cost;legal framework;land policies;urban national;urban landscape;information operation;urban observatory;collaborative effort;decentralization policy;land planning;urbanization policy;biological environment;rural track;urban management;urban utilities;public action;risk zones;land reserve;urban people;rural community;economic competition;Population Displacement;financial resource;treatment plant;municipal authority;fiscal policy;post-colonial era;land policy;rural dweller;management authority;ancestral land;rural inhabitant;legal process;local function;ground water;economic climate;spatial development;investment programming;steep slope;internal market;urbanized area;ownership system;social system;mining operation;private service;social competition;young population;rural environment;colonial period



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Venard, J. L.

Urban planning and environment in Sub-Saharan Africa (English). Post-UNCED series towards environmentally sustainable development in Sub-Sahran Africa : building blocks for Africa 2025 ; no. 5 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.