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Afghanistan poverty status update : progress at risk (English)

A severe slow-down in Afghanistan's economic growth characterized the period between 2012 and 2014, the so called Transition period leading to the 2014 election and handover of security responsibility to Afghan forces. Afghanistan's economic malaise during this time can be attributed to the combined effects of the drawdown of international military forces and a sharp fall in associated international spending, reduction of aid, and increasing conflict and political instability. While aid fueled strong growth during the pre-transition period between 2007-2008 and 2011-2012, worrisome socio-economic dynamics already present intensified during the transition. Notably, the transition crisis magnified once again the many inequalities-between regions, cities and rural areas, rich and poor Afghans, and between men and women and girls and boys-that fracture Afghan society. The poorest and most vulnerable segments of the population benefited least from pre-transition growth, and the same groups suffered the most once the economy and the security condition deteriorated. This new edition of the Poverty Status Update series documents the evolution of poverty and socio-economic inclusion during the transition. It examines determinants of poverty and, with an eye beyond 2014, suggests policies to reduce vulnerability and inequalities.

Details

  • Author

    Wieser,Christina, Rahimi,Ismail, Redaelli,Silvia

  • Document Date

    2017/02/14

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    114741

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    Afghanistan,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2017/05/02

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Afghanistan poverty status update : progress at risk

  • Keywords

    rural area;access to safe drinking water;access to basic service;primary school attendance;access to social protection;risk and vulnerability;labor market every year;poverty does;Access to Electricity;transition period;maternal health outcome;human development outcome;access to water;Antenatal Care;transition phase;vulnerability to shock;international military force;household survey data;maternal health service;gap in access;gap in education;labor market trend;female literacy rate;cost of migration;Poverty & Inequality;negative income shock;official poverty line;poverty headcount rate;food consumption data;risk coping mechanisms;education and health;history of conflict;poverty and livelihood;human capital accumulation;conflict and fragility;increase in conflict;labor market dynamic;return of refugee;demand for labor;determinants of poverty;distribution of remittance;profile of individual;formal safety net;poor rural household;labor market indicator;source income;source of income;data on remittance;welfare of families;average monthly income;Access to Education;labor market outcome;average educational attainment;maternal health care;water and electricity;poverty status;attendance rate;improved sanitation;economic migration;coping strategy;adult male;internal displacement;civilian casualty;poor household;migrant;

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Citation

Wieser,Christina Rahimi,Ismail Redaelli,Silvia

Afghanistan poverty status update : progress at risk (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/667181493794491292/Afghanistan-poverty-status-update-progress-at-risk