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Trade Facilitation in Services : A Conceptual and Empirical Analysis (English)

Beyond their key contribution to value chains in all sectors, services represent a centrally important source of economic and export diversification. This paper discusses how to promote trade in services as a channel for growth, employment, and diversification by assessing services trade costs and identifying policies that contribute to their reduction: a concept termed trade facilitation in services. It summarizes the latest research on the costs facing trade in services beyond discriminatory market access and national treatment and finds that these are high. It proposes measures that could fall under the scope of a potential trade facilitation in services agenda, namely: (i) streamlining processes and procedures used in administering regulatory policies aside from the policy itself, (ii) improving access to information on regulatory policies (that is, transparency), and (iii) boosting the efficiency of governance structures for regulators that set policies affecting trade in services.


  • Author

    Gillson,Ian John Douglas, Molinuevo,Martin, Saez,Juan Sebastian

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  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

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  • Region

    The World Region,

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  • Doc Name

    Trade Facilitation in Services : A Conceptual and Empirical Analysis

  • Keywords

    general agreement on trade in service; trade and investment; trade costs; trade and investment policy; trade in services; International Trade and Investment; International Trade in Services; Cost of Doing Business; competition in service markets; trade professional service; modes of supply; ad valorem equivalent; global value chain; trade facilitation agenda; regulatory compliance cost; access to information; corporate social responsibility; host country regulation; foreign service providers; professional service providers; barriers to trade; cost of service; domestic service providers; trade facilitation measures; cost of travel; exchange of information; mutual recognition agreement; movement of people; national regulatory agency; trade facilitation issues; accepted international standard; barriers to service; foreign service suppliers; types of regulation; form of discrimination; national treatment principle; legal service providers; accreditation of professional; cost information; impact of service; trade and growth; economic policy research; areas of trade; private sector representative; several important areas; open services markets; characteristics of services; duration of stay; independent service suppliers; delivery of service; fees and charge; civil society actor; cross border transaction; trade in goods; cost of entry; lower income countries; Market Access Barriers; domestic regulatory policies; market access conditions; good regulatory practice; trade policy barriers; conformity assessment procedure; investor-state dispute settlement; exchange of good; foreign direct investment; transaction cost; regulatory cooperation; visa applications; processing time; reduce trade; administrative procedure; regulatory measure; total trade; work permit; Trade Policies; cross-border trade; regulatory transparency; transport cost; governance quality; market failure; temporary movement; regulatory convergence; Trade Restrictiveness; license requirement; foreign market; regulatory requirement; Labor Market; global economy; domestic regulation; facilitating trade; commercial presence; explanatory variable; goods trade; discriminatory barriers; procedural requirement; foreign ones; policy restrictions; conflict management; policy variable; investment regime; global trade; international cooperation; impact indicator; export promotion; foreign supplier; cost component; other sectors; local presence; Export Diversification; trade flow; natural person; regulatory decision; business environment; information cost; responsible business; cross-border movement; home country; restrictive policy; home countries; discriminatory measures; empirical analysis; gravity model; legal entity; cross-border transaction; subnational regulatory; political risk; regulatory body; transparency agenda; Extractive Industry; Research Support; Regulatory Bodies; Financial Sector; regulatory change; financial service; regulatory approach; world economy; open access; access market; political sensitivity; intra-corporate transferees; evidence-based policy; important policy; important component; trade negotiation; consumption abroad; development policy; legal entities; market integration; regulatory risk; ceteris paribus; regulatory predictability; specialized agency; transparency measures; foreign investor; good governance; investment measure; the administration; standard model; transparency issues; increased integration; Global Services; red tape; institutional governance; current investment; border measure; regulatory capacity; negative sign; investment protection; governance environment; bilateral trade; address information; regulatory governance; little attention; market regulation; host state; knowledge gap; institutional infrastructure; response mechanism; positive coefficient; increased export; investment entry; domestic economy; legal text; investment process; multilateral framework; transport service; international level; regulatory environment; formal sector



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Gillson,Ian John Douglas Molinuevo,Martin Saez,Juan Sebastian

Trade Facilitation in Services : A Conceptual and Empirical Analysis (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9233 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.