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HIV in the European region : using evidence to strengthen policy and programmes (English)

This report aims to describe the dynamics of HIV epidemics among vulnerable and key populations at high risk in the European region, focusing specifically on people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers (SWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM). This report covers 53 countries of the WHO European Region and Lichtenstein. It does so in order to inform future HIV prevention, treatment and care responses as well as to guide future HIV prevention surveillance and research. In addition to a description of methods (below), the report comprises three main sections. Chapter 2 synthesizes evidence drawn from European HIV surveillance data (chapter 2.1) and targeted HIV prevalence studies (chapter 2.2). Chapter 3 synthesizes evidence drawn from systematic reviews of epidemiological studies among PWID (chapter 3.1), SWs (chapter 3.2) and MSM (chapter 3.3). Chapter 4 draws upon the evidence reviewed in Chapter 3 as well as the international literature more broadly to consider implications for strengthening responses, including in relation to HIV surveillance (chapter 4.1) and HIV prevention for PWID (chapter 4.2), SWs (chapter 4.3) and MSM (chapter 4.4). In chapter 5, the authors draw conclusions.

Details

  • Author

    Platt, Lucy Jolley, Emma Hope, Vivian Latypov, Alisher Hickson, Ford Reynolds, Lucy Rhodes, Tim

  • Document Date

    2013/05/31

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    78187

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Europe,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2013/06/04

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    HIV in the European region : using evidence to strengthen policy and programmes

  • Keywords

    men who have sex with men;female sex workers;Drug use;Sexually Transmitted Infection;condom use among men;effect estimate;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;risk behaviour;high prevalence of hiv;sexual violence against woman;sexual risk-taking;high prevalence of syphilis;migrant sex worker;false sense of security;rate of condom use;harm reduction;exposure category;spread of hiv;unprotected anal intercourse;Sexually Transmitted Disease;needle and syringe;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;Sexually transmitted diseases;sexual risk behaviour;social stigma;drug policy;international aid;demographic characteristic;

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Citation

Platt, Lucy Jolley, Emma Hope, Vivian Latypov, Alisher Hickson, Ford Reynolds, Lucy Rhodes, Tim

HIV in the European region : using evidence to strengthen policy and programmes (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/674751468251108137/HIV-in-the-European-region-using-evidence-to-strengthen-policy-and-programmes