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Designing direct subsidies for the poor : a water and sanitation case study (English)

Direct subsidies are an increasingly popular means of making infrastructure services more affordable to the poor. Under the direct subsidy approach, governments pay part of the water bill of poor households that meet certain criteria. This approach was first used in water sector reforms in Chile in the early 1990s and is an alternative to the traditional method in which governments pay subsidies directly to utilities, often allowing the price of water to fall below economic costs indiscriminately. This Note illustrates how simulation techniques can be used to inform the design of direct subsidy schemes, ensuring that they are both cost-effective and accurate in reaching the target population.

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Citation

Foster, Vivien Gomez-Lobos, Andres Halpern, Jona

Designing direct subsidies for the poor : a water and sanitation case study (English). Public policy for the private sector ; Note no. 211 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/676831468775147113/Designing-direct-subsidies-for-the-poor-a-water-and-sanitation-case-study