Skip to Main Navigation

Modernizing Weather, Climate and Hydrological Services : A Road Map for Armenia (English)

This analytical work assesses the Armenian Service for Hydrometeorology (AHS) based on the usercommunity needs. The analysis identifies gaps and challenges in producing and delivering weather,climate and hydrological information and services, and it lays out a technical strategic framework for policy- and decision-makers in the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the larger Armenian government. Specifically, the Road Map posits three scenarios for modernizing the AHS based on the potential cost and benefits of each while aiming for a greater national and regional public good.The proposed scenarios target the AHS capacity: (i) to produce, manage, translate and communicatehydrometeorological (hydromet) information to the user community; (ii) to assist the community inaccessing, interpreting and using the information; (iii) to better disseminate and respond to warnings for public safety and economic security; and (iv) to inform planning and decision-making for cost-effective investments in climate-resilient development. Strengthening these four pillars can help solidify Armenia’s resilience to natural hazards and climate change. And help enhance the economic performance of such weather-dependent sectors as agriculture, energy, transport and water resources management. In the end, the purpose of this analysis is to support the government of Armenia in saving lives and livelihoods and in protecting gains in social and economic development through a robust but discerning hydromet system.


  • Author

    Md Kootval,Haleh Kootval, Schumann,Andreas H., Tsirkunov,Vladimir V., Kull,Daniel Werner, Mirzoyan,Nora, Dube,Tafadzwa Irvine

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Modernizing Weather, Climate and Hydrological Services : A Road Map for Armenia

  • Keywords

    Leave Bank; information and communication technology; Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building; agriculture and climate; flood; Water Resource Management; social and economic development; operation and maintenance expenditure; quality management system; Hydromet; flash flood; gross domestic product; annual average precipitation; service delivery system; early warning system; international river basin; administration and development; numerical weather prediction; climate change program; drought; observation network; weather forecast; hydrological forecast; economic sector; deaths per million; river basin network; delivery of service; damage to crops; net present value; safety of life; regional climate variability; transboundary river basins; shortage of funds; number of stations; assessment of need; replacement of water; extreme climate events; amount of precipitation; Disaster Risk Reduction; drinking water supply; secondary school graduate; geographic information system; average annual temperature; assessment of water; secondary school education; national weather service; severe weather events; local area network; infrastructure and facilities; impact of weather; time per day; kilometers of road; automatic weather stations; extreme weather event; access to information; effects of earthquake; internal management system; agricultural production loss; annual precipitation; mountain range; water level; sea level; soil moisture; international relations; hydrological observation; meteorological hazards; heavy rain; geographical feature; hydrological information; meteorological stations; hydrological network; hydrometeorology; hydrological service; high altitude; air temperature; mountainous country; public safety; natural hazard; landlocked country; flood forecast; climate parameter; international exchange; solar radiation; data transmission; data management; water temperature; snow cover; hydrological data; drought monitoring; water balance; hydraulic model; irrigation scheme; inefficient technology; climate model; staff costs; recovery activity; annual budget; university degree; hydropower production; meteorological radar; dynamic process; upper air; heat wave; hydrometeorological service; financial loss; hydromet services; adversely impact; high seismicity; climate services; monthly temperature; ict infrastructure; Climate Prediction; Hydrology; software package; workforce planning; hydrological station; cereal crop; main road; community area; agricultural area; logistics service; material security; heavy precipitation; residential building; communications infrastructure; Forest Management; energy crisis; water reservoir; Public Services; vehicle fleet; automatic station; disaster occurrence; feedback mechanism; meteorological events; spatial resolution; Population Density; watershed areas; pay scale; accurate forecast; human intervention; Flood Mitigation; professional education; meteorological information; separate entity; extreme temperature; human capacity; international training; international expert; nominal budget; staff remuneration; capital expenditure; open source; modern technology; database management; forecasting service; manual operation; legal basis; commercial service; modernization program; outdated technology; private entity; spring water; business model; seasonal variation; fertile valleys; operational facilities; climate monitoring; stream flow; climate condition; vulnerable countries; hazard risk; Advisory services; annual discharge; warning service; precipitation anomalies; hot summer; continental climate; steep slope; geographical location; natural conditions; climate zone; average temperature; winter temperature; technical infrastructure; dry area; annual monitoring; global network; research activity; climate forecast; research activities; arable land; international collaboration; hydrological model; statistical package; snow accumulation; drought risk; food production; seasonal distribution



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Md Kootval,Haleh Kootval Schumann,Andreas H. Tsirkunov,Vladimir V. Kull,Daniel Werner Mirzoyan,Nora Dube,Tafadzwa Irvine

Modernizing Weather, Climate and Hydrological Services : A Road Map for Armenia (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.