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Farm Restructuring in Uzbekistan : How Did It Go and What is Next (English)

In January 2019, Uzbekistan started a new farm restructuring1. It is said to seek to optimize the use of farmland by increasing the size of farms producing wheat and cotton, reallocating land to more efficient farmers and even clusters, and improving crop rotation options. This is not the first time that this kind of farm restructuring in Uzbekistan takes place. The country has gone through several waves of farm restructuring and land reallocations. Both these processes were administratively managed, with little reference to market or income generation opportunities. During 1992-1997, state farms were decollectivized. During 1998-2002, farm fragmentation into small production units has started, which was completed during 2003-2008. Unsatisfied with the performance of fragmented farms, the government started farm consolidation between 2008/2009 and 2016, creating a dual system when dekhkan smallholders averaging 1 hectare (ha) and producing livestock and horticulture products coexisted with large individual farms, averaging 40-60 ha and producing cotton and wheat under the state order system. The 2019 restructuring seeks to double the size of cotton and wheat farms to the average of 100 ha.


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    Zorya,Sergiy, Djanibekov, Nodir, Petrick, Martin

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    Working Paper

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    Europe and Central Asia,

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    Farm Restructuring in Uzbekistan : How Did It Go and What is Next?

  • Keywords

    public expenditure need; State and Collective Farms; access to diesel fuel; access to irrigation water; analytical and advisory; size of farm; farm restructuring process; high value crops; horticulture and livestock; production of cotton; speed of transfer; Diversification of Production; mode of production; privatization of farmland; transfer of land; access to fertilizer; increase in land; public good provision; production of wheat; soil management practice; effective service delivery; income generation opportunities; applied agricultural research; animal disease control; gross domestic product; economies of scale; safety of product; total labor force; agricultural productivity growth; production of egg; cabinet of minister; fruit and vegetable; control land allocation; system of production; weak land tenure; provision of service; number of poultry; measure of reform; food crop production; irrigation water supply; rural labor market; agricultural enterprise; production specialization; farm size; agricultural production; fodder crop; farm land; livestock farm; agricultural output; rural population; rural inhabitant; wheat production; agricultural producer; small farm; transaction cost; gdp deflator; state farm; official statistic; statistical data; land size; managerial capacity; wheat yield; agricultural labor; meat production; land lease; farm produce; wheat harvest; labor contract; state procurement; chemical fertilizer; commercial crop; perennial crop; global experience; productive land; cattle equivalent; cotton production; agricultural sector; fodder production; labor productivity; fodder area; land productivity; egg production; livestock output; crop output; livestock number; Livestock Production; live weight; seasonal worker; land use; farm groups; poultry farm; productive partnership; commercial farm; household plot; public program; Advisory services; land reallocation; take stock; dual system; large farm; soil fertility; cotton yield; average productivity; production cost; production output; insufficient water; relative increase; agricultural worker; agricultural value; cotton area; intermediate input; potato production; milk yield; public ownership; legal basis; irrigated area; production structure; labor use; land division; veterinary service; cheaper alternative; irrigation service; statistical information; market infrastructure; environment protection; agricultural input; Procurement Policy; raw material; social priority; currency market; small farmer; government monopoly; area expansion; cereal crop; textile industry; labor-intensive production; production target; agricultural cooperative; horticultural sector; government association; crop rotation; organizational form; legal entity; legal entities; important change; food product; production activity; industrial sector; rural family; lease contract; marketing infrastructure; corporate farm; Tax Exemption; institutional transformation; exchange rate; national legislation; high share; infrastructure design; market transaction; labor arrangement; low density; rural income; horticulture product; employment structure; irrigation system; Population Growth; private hand; land share; symbiotic relationship; fragmentation process; production decision; private ownership; cotton field; wage labor; private capital; mung bean; farming sector; Public Services; private household; water sector; economic reform; legislative act; monitoring cost; reducing transaction; individual incentive; farm efficiency; family farm; market economy; local consumer; exogenous factor; agricultural distortions; access privilege; Support for Agriculture; cotton farms; production base; Exchange Rates; export channel; land issue; black market; security rights; farm management; investment incentive; constant value; wheat producer; poor irrigation; soil improvement; agricultural commodity; innovative technologies; gross output; livestock grazing; Public Spending; agricultural program; land consolidatio



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Zorya,Sergiy Djanibekov, Nodir Petrick, Martin

Farm Restructuring in Uzbekistan : How Did It Go and What is Next (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.