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Improving the performance of Ethiopian universities in science and technology : a policy note (English)

The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) has demonstrated commitment to expand higher education science and technology (S and T) programs to spur and support its growth and transformation agenda. Ethiopia has made a tremendous advance in access to higher education over the past decade. This rapid expansion, however, has raised concerns about quality. Many students are entering universities with a low level of academic preparation and a weak mastery of English. Qualified faculty are in short supply, especially in science and technology. The higher education relevance and quality agency (HERQA) was established in 2003 to implement a quality assurance system for higher education, but it lacks the resources to carry out its mission. The purpose of this report is to identify the main challenges facing the sector and propose a policy agenda to address them. The analysis is based on information from the ministries of education and of S and T of Ethiopia, a review of relevant literature from Ethiopia and elsewhere, and an analysis of data and information collected from stakeholders at public and private universities through semi-structured interviews. The report contains five chapters. Chapter one presents background information and the study’s methodology. Chapter two provides broader analysis of demand for skills, graduate employability, feedback from employers on skill supply, and the relationship with the economy at large. The third chapter analyzes the recent developments in S and T higher education. Chapter four assesses the research performance of Ethiopian universities. Chapter five summarizes the key reform options and policy measures to improve the performance of the higher education S and T system.

Details

  • Author

    000363824:Anna Olefir:aolefir@worldbank.org;

  • Document Date

    2017/01/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    119694

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Ethiopia,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2017/09/18

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Improving the performance of Ethiopian universities in science and technology : a policy note

  • Keywords

    Technical and Vocational Education;Higher Education;information on labor market;access to sanitation facility;quality of education program;private higher education institution;Workforce Development;Colleges of Teacher Education;access to higher education;education and training system;effect of climate change;information and communication technology;science and technology development;Primary and Secondary Education;academic staff;higher education system;quality and relevance;theory of change;demand for skill;research output;partnership with industry;gross domestic product;gross enrollment ratio;quality of teaching;higher education development;demand for engineer;fast economic growth;number of researchers;application of knowledge;quality of outputs;higher education reform;Access to Electricity;access to irrigation;tertiary education reform;quality assurance system;qualified academic staff;quality assurance agency;international higher education;share of wage;socially cohesive society;economic growth strategy;labor market need;labor market situation;labor market issue;dissemination of knowledge;public higher education;language of instruction;adoption of technology;higher education science;high poverty rate;inclusive economic growth;purchasing power parity;soil fertility management;higher education ranking;higher education performance;access to broadband;higher education environment;growth in enrollment;quality assurance process;highly skilled workforce;higher education expansion;mobility of student;distribution of skill;share of output;national quality infrastructure;higher education program;production of knowledge;electrified railway line;gross enrolment ratio;skilled production worker;public infrastructure investment;research capacity building;labor force data;Private Sector Growth;pedagogical practice;public university;foreign ownership;productive sector;skill need;scientific infrastructure;Power Generation;performance assessment;industrial park;technological feasibility;competitive research;private university;staff qualification;job satisfaction;research institute;student support;field visits;tracer study;regional initiative;conformity assessment;work ethic;advanced degree;university graduate;educated workforce;energy-efficient technology;engineering research;faculty development;existing knowledge;export market;academic program;private institution;technology capacity;national research;comparator country;increasing urbanization;career counselling;applied science;health research;remuneration package;enabling conditions;short supply;Graduate Employability;manual skill;undergraduate student;research performance;urban population;research funding;technological change;construction sector;foreign university;agricultural sector;nonfarm sector;professional development;food producer;staff development;heavy investment;skill gap;causal chain;university sector;road map;research grant;tertiary student;Natural Resources;research purposes;continuous basis;local agenda;educational choice;laboratory facility;government investment;graduation rate;quality instruction;scientific equipment;innovative application;Quality Enhancement;technology product;staff management;social need;teaching load;research expenditure;advanced research;government's strategy;cost sharing;advanced technology;alternative delivery;private involvement;public funding;political volatility;global competition;private source;resilient infrastructure;technological capacity;modern technology;advanced knowledge;social progress;subsistence farming;increase productivity;employment outcome;soft skills;student success;analytical skill;technical competency;manufacturing sector;small manufacturing;workers benefit;small sample;wage earner;skill set;road density;municipal sewerage;educational level;tertiary level;Technology Transfer;underserved group;construction technology;enrollment rate;agronomic method;natural science;Health Service;environmental science;livestock research

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Citation

000363824:Anna Olefir:aolefir@worldbank.org;

Improving the performance of Ethiopian universities in science and technology : a policy note (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/687231505250026457/Improving-the-performance-of-Ethiopian-universities-in-science-and-technology-a-policy-note