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Guidelines on flare and vent measurement (English)

This document provides guidance on quantifying flare and vent rates at oil and natural gas facilities. While the focus is primarily on continuous vent and flare systems, guidance is also provided for intermittent systems. Section two presents related information of interest, including a description of the target sources of venting and flaring, information on relevant studies delineating alternatives to venting and flaring, design and operating practices and international regulations. Section three presents key constraints and considerations to be addressed when selecting a continuous flow measurement system for both new and existing flare and vent systems. Recommendations on record keeping and flow verification are also provided. Section four provides a review of measurement techniques that may be used to perform periodic flow tests on vent and flare systems. Section five provides a review of selected estimation techniques which are sometimes used to estimate vent and flare rates. Flare and vent systems exist in essentially all segments of the oil and gas industry and are used for two basic types of waste gas disposal: intermittent and continuous. Intermittent applications may include the disposal of waste volumes from emergency pressure relief episodes, operator initiated or instrumented depressurization events, plant or system upsets, well servicing and testing, pigging events, and routine blowdown of instruments, drip pots and scrubbers. Typically, waste gas volumes are flared if they pose an odor, health or safety concern, and otherwise are vented.

Details

  • Document Date

    2008/09/18

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    71380

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2012/07/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Guidelines on flare and vent measurement

  • Keywords

    united nations framework convention on climate change;flow meter;Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition;data needs;Oil and Natural Gas Industry;upstream oil and gas;crude oil storage tanks;oil and gas industry;certified emission reduction;Oil & Gas;flow rate;flare gas;flare systems;pipe diameter;flow measurement;gas flow measurement;crude oil production;amount of gas;disposal of waste;natural gas facilities;quality of data;liquefied natural gas;production of gas;gas processing plant;gas sweetening process;global flaring reduction;pollutants of concern;gas gathering system;limitations of technology;source of fuel;gas flow rate;upstream petroleum industry;quantity of gas;high flow velocities;air toxic emission;electric power generation;gas composition;acquisition system;gas stream;regulatory requirement;flow conditions;calibration requirement;test methods;thermal radiation;

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Citation

Guidelines on flare and vent measurement (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/689451468158369316/Guidelines-on-flare-and-vent-measurement