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Cambodia - Halving poverty by 2015 - poverty assessment 2006 (English)

The latest (2004) household survey finds that 35 percent of Cambodians live below the national poverty line, down from an estimated 47 percent a decade earlier (although the two surveys are not directly comparable. Over these ten years, Cambodia consolidated peace and achieved an economic growth of about 7 percent per annum. Non-income indicators such as ownership of consumer durables, housing quality, and schooling indicate that the living standards of the population, including the poor, have improved between 1994 and 2004. These gains reflect the economic and social development since the early 1990s, when Cambodia embarked on a three-fold transition from civil war to peace, from one-party to multiparty politics, and from an isolated and subsistence-oriented economy to one based on the market, and open to international trade. Although all segments of society benefited over the last decade, the rise in living standards has been more pronounced in urban areas, and among the richest quintile. The extreme poor (the bottom 20 percent who fall below the food poverty line) have experienced significantly slower growth in real consumption than the "normal" poor. Thus, to accelerate poverty reduction by improving productivity and profitability in the rural economy will require: 1) secure property rights to private land, particularly for smallholders; 2) emphasis on small holder agriculture for both growth and poverty reduction; 3) equitable access to common property resources as a critical source of income and security for the rural poor; 4) increased investments in productivity-enhancing infrastructure; and, 5) improved human development and human capital, through the pro-poor delivery of basic services in education and health. The report first lays the key facts on the nature of poverty in 2004, and-for the first time in Cambodia-on poverty trends. Then it provides a diagnosis of the relationships between growth, institutions and poverty, highlighting the need to focus on the rural economy, to then analyze the binding constraints to shared growth, noting in particular the role of property rights, rural infrastructure and human capital. The report takes stock by comparing Cambodia's performance in reducing poverty to that of other countries; laying out alternative poverty projections for the next ten years; and, describing the Government's new five-year development plan. Finally, the report provides a brief discussion of broad policy priorities for public action to promote growth, service delivery, and poverty reduction.

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    Poverty Assessment

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Cambodia - Halving poverty by 2015 - poverty assessment 2006

  • Keywords

    mother and child health;Demographic and Health Survey;rate of poverty reduction;access to common property;per capita consumption;severe acute respiratory syndrome;early stage of development;large tracts of land;production of cash crop;life expectancy at birth;gender gap in literacy;access to the sea;Out of Pocket Spending;participation in primary education;contraceptive prevalence rate;rural area;spread of hiv;engine of growth;sampling frame;national poverty estimates;world development indicator;Access to Electricity;secure land tenure;nature of poverty;national poverty line;incidence of poverty;quality of teaching;access to health;Oil & Gas;maternal mortality rate;amount of rainfall;operations and maintenance;infant mortality rate;agreement on textiles;investment in road;high crop yield;quality health care;fall in consumption;lack of water;sale of land;food poverty line;rural credit market;lack of rainfall;access to irrigation;human development indicator;long-term poverty reduction;decline in poverty;increase in expenditure;Oil and Gas;household labor supply;share of labor;conversion of forest;land title certificate;lack of infrastructure;form of corruption;education for all;gender and poverty;poverty reduction target;natural resource base;cost of capital;panel data analysis;cost of care;cost of service;standard of living;total poverty line;segments of society;education and health;depth of poverty;agricultural productivity;household consumption;Rural Poor;living standard;human capital;arable land;agricultural growth;property right;household head;agricultural sector;poor household;health shock;



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Cambodia - Halving poverty by 2015 - poverty assessment 2006 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.