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Migration and development : a role for the World Bank Group (English)

The paper deliberately focuses on the broader phenomenon of international economic migration, thus directly addressing the one of the two global compacts, that on safe, orderly and regular migration. It also acknowledges the common challenges and vulnerabilities faced by vulnerable migrants, including irregular migrants, smuggled and trafficked migrants, unaccompanied child migrants, stranded migrants, and migrants displaced by disasters and environmental change. The other global compact on refugees, based on the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, is partially addressed in annex A which summarizes the Bank’s paper on forced displacement issued in April 2016. This paper has three objectives. First, it sets out stylized facts on international migration and describes three fundamental drivers: income gaps, demographic change, and environmental change. Second, it highlights the benefits and costs associated with global labor mobility in both sending and receiving countries. Third, it describes the global architecture for governance of migration and suggests a few areas where the Bank could usefully contribute by designing customized solutions that address heterogeneous and context-specific complexities of migration.

Details

  • Document Date

    2016/08/01

  • Document Type

    Board Report

  • Report Number

    108105

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2016/08/31

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Migration and development : a role for the World Bank Group

  • Keywords

    negative impacts of climate change;technical assistance and advisory service;migrant;world foreign direct investment;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;Violations of Human Rights;short period of time;average per capita income;impact of climate change;effects of brain drain;effect of climate change;number of international migrants;developmental effect of migration;country of origin;destination country;impact of migration;private capital flow;sustainable development goals;Internally Displaced Person;number of migrants;rising sea levels;separation from family;global labor mobility;cost of migration;working age population;characteristics of migrant;basic human right;innovative financial product;combination of factor;allocation of labor;cost of care;Funds for Education;global labor market;change in employment;benefits of migration;informal economic activity;scheme will;data on refugees;sources of knowledge;managing climate change;determinants of migration;access to technology;victims of trafficking;governance of migration;transfer of knowledge;migrant stock data;round of consultations;source of idea;exchange of knowledge;destination of migrant;increase in labor;current account deficit;violation of law;country of residence;living in poverty;Poverty & Inequality;country of asylum;competitiveness of export;family back home;families of migrants;social security system;diffusion of knowledge;lack of education;skill and technology;low-skilled migrant workers;impact of remittance;process of convergence;infrastructure and transportation;full trade liberalization;purchasing power parity;movement of people;movement of good;flow of people;global value chain;school enrollment rate;source of funding;regional trade agreement;increase in income;migration pressure;income gap;environmental change;Learning and Innovation Credit;south-north migration;economic crisis;undocumented migrant;Young Workers;empirical evidence;forced displacement;small island;receiving countries;economic migrant;remittance flow;native worker;asylum seeker;demographic projection;natural disaster;international remittance;irregular migrant;vulnerable migrant;economic migration;push factor;border control;wage gap;irregular migration;intraregional migration;employment rate;south-south migration;intraregiónal migration;voluntary migrants;fragile ecosystem;empirical study;social network;Exchange Rates;long-term growth;internal migrant;low-skilled worker;Demographic Transition;migration pattern;migration regime;social capital;informal sector;child migrant;poor household;diaspora members;forced migrant;Forced Migration;institutional framework;skilled people;Temporary Migration;migration corridor;source country;habitual residence;negative effect;immigrant stock;unauthorized immigrants;anecdotal evidence;legal barrier;transactions cost;internal movement;transferring knowledge;international border;global integration;circular migration;Technology Transfer;migrant network;social externalities;public finance;undocumented migration;national boundary;world population;asylum applicant;informational asymmetry;immigration country;residency permit;skilled migration;emigration country;migration destination;global demand;human capital;private debt;investment opportunities;portfolio equity;dependency ratio;pension system;increasing investment;household survey;vaccination rate;emigration decision;skilled emigrant;respiratory infection;investor base;recruitment policy;educated migrants;investment account;economic reform;medical personnel;medical professional;negative relationship;brain gain;Higher Education;work effort;positive impact;Financial Access;investment process;Social Welfare;health outcome;dutch disease;economic competitiveness;diaspora investment;worker productivity;tax revenue;diaspora organization;Infant Mortality;investment climate;crop failure;social tension;labor supply;marriage opportunity;labor flow;integration agreements;greater access;potential migrant;farming jobs

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Citation

Migration and development : a role for the World Bank Group (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/690381472677671445/Migration-and-development-a-role-for-the-World-Bank-Group