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Modeling the Impacts of Agricultural Support Policies on Emissions from Agriculture (English)

To understand the impacts of support programs on global emissions, this paper considers the impacts of domestic subsidies, price distortions at the border, and investments in emission-reducing technologies on global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture. It uses a counterfactual global model scenario showing how much emissions from agricultural production would change if agricultural support were abolished worldwide. The analysis indicates that, without subsidies paid directly to farmers, output of emission-intensive activities and emissions would be smaller. Without trade protection, however, emissions would be higher. This is because protection reduces global demand more than it increases supply, and partly because some countries that currently tax agriculture have high emission intensities. Policies that directly reduce emission intensities yield much larger reductions in emissions than those targeting overall productivity growth to reduce emissions because of the rebound effect. Scenario analysis to understand the impacts of repurposed agricultural policy and support measures on mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change is being undertaken in subsequent work, which will also take account of land-use change and alternative forms of agricultural support to align objectives of food security, farmers’ income security, production efficiency and resilience, and environmental protection.

Details

  • Document Date

    2020/08/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

  • Report Number

    152852

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/09/10

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Modeling the Impacts of Agricultural Support Policies on Emissions from Agriculture

  • Keywords

    international food policy research institute; Agriculture; emissions from agriculture; export market; investment in agricultural research; sanitary and phytosanitary standards; impact of land use; Agricultural Research and Development; uruguay round; global computable general equilibrium; cgiar research program; agricultural support; market price support; land use change; ghg emissions; rates of protection; unit of output; implicit export taxes; reduction in emission; agricultural land use; incentives for consumer; agricultural import protection; changes in output; greenhouse gas emission; total emissions; changes in production; beef cattle feed; method of production; rates of return; designing policy; incentive for farmer; provision of infrastructure; total agricultural production; global agricultural output; land use category; value of output; agricultural support policies; tariff on import; privileges and immunity; tariff import; preferential tariff rate; free trade area; investments in agriculture; emission by source; vegetable and fruit; agricultural innovation systems; elasticity of supply; burning crop residue; change in prices; crop and livestock; enteric fermentation; domestic price; border measure; global emission; agricultural emission; trade flow; output level; input use; agricultural commodity; environmental conditionality; protection rate; emission source; support measure; Agricultural Trade; global output; organic soil; creating incentives; agricultural incentive; world price; import measures; productivity growth; direct subsidy; overall emission; Direct Subsidies; regional aggregates; synthetic fertilizer; food price; trade measure; fertilizer subsidies; farm income; output price; first stage; ruminant meat; agricultural protection; farm milk; livestock number; present analysis; conversion factor; potential implication; urban agricultural policy; research fellow; consumption tax; export subsidy; export commodity; producer support; customs union; primary approach; knowledge development; export restrictions; third section; land conservation; global economy; recent years; domestic consumer; export barrier; net exporter; production practice; improved seed; negative protection; consumer price; cultural products; lower demand; food system; output decisions; overall assessment; productivity gain; seed producer; agricultural subsidy; intermediate input; price gap; quantitative analysis; export subsidies; rice cultivation; border policy; producer level; carbon footprint; aggregate emission; individual coefficient; bottom-up approach; emission coefficient; emission factor; index data; average emission; environmental environmental; nitrogen content; dry matter; nitrogen fertilizer; comparative advantage; emission datum; poultry eggs; production level; lower emission; net return; Trade Impact; emission result; nitrous oxide; gas account; other sectors; carbon dioxide; large emission; technological change; process use; preferential trade; ruminant animal; livestock manure; total energy; ongoing research; agricultural sector; market failure; investment level; pig meat; poultry meat; bovine meat; expert opinion; production activity; feed additive; dairy cow; global greenhouse; original work; sole responsibility; production method; agricultural impact; farm sector; annual policy; monitoring program; copyright owner; product price; price distortion; enabling conditions; production incentive; domestic productivity; recent work; production efficiency; support policy; burning forest; constant technology; Livestock Production; high security; global demand; agricultural activity; commercial purpose

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Citation

Modeling the Impacts of Agricultural Support Policies on Emissions from Agriculture (English). Agriculture and Food Discussion Paper Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/694451599729050318/Modeling-the-Impacts-of-Agricultural-Support-Policies-on-Emissions-from-Agriculture