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Pollution in Ugandan Cities : Do Managers Avoid It or Adapt in Place (English)

Developing countries suffer from rising urban pollution levels, with associated negative effects on health and worker productivity. This paper studies how managers in developing country cities cope with the polluted environment. High-resolution pollution measurements were collected in Ugandan cities and matched with a novel firm survey. The analysis finds that firms locate in close proximity to major polluted roads, which bundle a bad (exposure to pollution) with a good (market demand). Higher ability managers do not avoid polluted areas; instead, they adapt to the pollution by protecting their workers through the provision of equipment and flexibility in work schedule.

Details

  • Author

    Bassi,Vittorio, Kahn,Matthew Edwin, Lozano Gracia,Nancy, Porzio,Tommaso, Sorin,Jeanne

  • Document Date

    2021/07/29

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS9743

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Uganda,

  • Region

    Africa East,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/07/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Pollution in Ugandan Cities : Do Managers Avoid It or Adapt in Place ?

  • Keywords

    pollution exposure; exposure to pollution; rapid increase in motorization; worker type; source of pollution; labor market friction; vehicles per day; cost of pollution; disaster risk management; access to capital; in the street; location of road; economies of agglomeration; amount of investment; data collection strategy; local air quality; research ethic; high spatial resolution; share of revenue; air quality data; inequality in earnings; natural resource availability; average monthly revenue; risk to health; deaths per million; highly skilled worker; reduction in pollution; skills of worker; human resource management; cost of adaptation; time of day; pollution measurement; organizational strategy; worker productivity; spatial variation; polluted areas; high pollution; protective equipment; pollution level; managerial ability; managerial skill; geographical area; labor supply; pollution emission; high wage; motorcycle taxi; market demand; local pollution; unpaved road; primary road; productivity impact; major road; survey data; market access; simple model; commute time; particle pollution; rush hour; sampling strategy; busy road; product demand; environmental condition; collected information; survey design; new market; local demand; representative sample; taxi driver; secondary road; rapid urbanization; urban pollution; registered vehicle; Health cost; optimal choice; Learning and Innovation Credit; average age; in work; summary statistic; wage premium; road type; sampling design; transport planning; adaptation strategy; productivity loss; major emission; capital intensity; equilibrium allocation; positive correlation; rapid motorization; airline industry; country research; carbon emission; lower pollution; firm location; empirical result; rental price; marginal product; pollution abatement; business stealing; equilibrium matching; increasing function; diesel vehicle; negative correlation; vehicle ownership; income elasticity; cross-sectional data; recent evidence; rental market; empirical work; population exposure; sampling units; monitoring device; industrial pollution; migration decision; process use; natural experiment; adult mortality; long-term exposure; causal link; rural area; lamp post; Infant Mortality; exogenous changes; environmental amenity; mitigation strategy; panel data; land use; productivity spillovers; pollution concentration; recent work; urban population; Informal Economy; negative relationship; mitigation investment; poor infrastructure; Urban Planning; health consequence; recent research; healthcare system; temporal variation; state capacity; paying job; survey sample; descriptive statistic; Time of Use; business planning; informal production; ownership rate; stock management; negative effect; city neighborhoods; firm survey; time trend; open access; development policy; road intersection; Research Support; mitigation activity; public awareness; empirical relationship; conceptual framework; research assistance; tertiary road; urban development; managerial decision; production activity; market practice; grain mill; management surveys; work schedule; high frequency; small-scale manufacturing; protective gear; rental value; business premise; small manufacturing

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Citation

Bassi,Vittorio Kahn,Matthew Edwin Lozano Gracia,Nancy Porzio,Tommaso Sorin,Jeanne

Pollution in Ugandan Cities : Do Managers Avoid It or Adapt in Place (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9743 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/701341627569013295/Pollution-in-Ugandan-Cities-Do-Managers-Avoid-It-or-Adapt-in-Place