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Kenya - Economic development and urbanization policy (Vol. 2) : Main report (English)

As Kenya is experiencing a rapid transition from a mainly agricultural society to an increasingly urbanized one, the Kenyan Government faces many challenges in providing suitable mechanisms to guide this urbanization as well as finding the resources to further its growth. This report draws as its theme the growing complexity of urbanization in Kenya and the need to develop an institutional and financial base that can channel this growth in productive ways. Chapter I of this report begins with an overview of the economic and demographic basis for urbanization in Kenya and the probable impact on urbanization patterns of current changes in Kenya's macroeconomic policies. Chapter II moves to urban development policies and reviews the record of what Kenya has sought to bring about in this field in the past ten years. On this basis, the next three chapters provide the substantive discussion of the institutional and financial framework for urbanization in Kenya. Chapter III focuses on central-local government relationships and investment programming, Chapter IV covers local authority services and financing, and Chapter V discuses housing institutions and finance.


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    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

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    Main report

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    urban population;urban growth;rate of population growth;faster rate of growth;high levels of protection;average real wage rate;rural area;urban growth rate;Population and Development;population growth rate;small industry;wage employment;allocation of investment;modern sector;source of financing;alleviation of poverty;urban labor force;allocation of fund;urban development;terms of trade;urbanization;decline in productivity;high tariff barriers;overvalued exchange rate;cost of living;economic development strategy;balance of payment;poor cost recovery;african literature;analysis of income;malnutrition among children;rates of return;standard of living;informal sector employment;central government account;public sector agency;growth in population;urban development strategy;cost of maintenance;economies of scale;large urban areas;gross domestic product;rapid urban growth;economic development policy;agricultural resource base;increase in population;health and nutrition;reallocation of resource;source of employment;redistribution of resource;government's policy objectives;access to infrastructure;urban wage;urban development policy;public policy debate;urban employment;share of wage;state of knowledge;income and expenditure;urban investment;urban income;population share;municipal boundaries;agricultural sector;Trade Policy;Trade Policies;Macroeconomic Policy;resident population;rural-urban migration;municipal council;low-income housing;urban poor;large town;urban policy;spatial strategy;squatter areas;average earning;urban malnutrition;Economic Management;agricultural land;Employment Policies;Rural Sector;employment policy;urban resident;environmental problem;small-scale industry;squatter settlement;wage earnings;industrialization process;government investment;agglomeration economy;household income;Industrial Estate;employment planning;urban service;urbanized countries;institutional framework;physical planning;urban economy;financial base;african population;absolute poverty;size distribution;living space;Urban Planning;market stall;charitable institution;policy statement;international standard;real growth;resource generation;urban resource;small entrepreneur;urbanization policy;common feature;working capital;urban structure;investment planning;environmental transition;macroeconomic condition;individual investment;spatial planning;agricultural pattern;absolute poor;market center;rural inhabitant;productive activity;high share;recurrent revenue;demographic trend;sample household;industrialization strategy;industrialization policy;urban worker;communications industry;tariff system;high concentration;rural settlement;land development;constrained resource;population increase;land redistribution;housing program;spatial policy;economic infrastructure;labor absorption;basic infrastructure;housing stock;investment budget;Urban Infrastructure;fund balance;provincial hospital;national product;scale industrial;small municipality;colonial period;macro level;trading pattern;population pressure;poor sanitation;respiratory disease;productive employment;Infant Mortality;good information;slum settlements;business service;government initiative;settlement pattern;investment priority;human nutrition;qualitative assessment;urban field;budget deficit;foreign exchange;housing sector;conversion factor;employment growth;Exchange Rates;employment pattern;employment share;capital financing;Housing Policy;Investment priorities;Labor Market;sewerage coverage;capital expenditure;product market;fertility rate;urban sector;unhealthy condition;traditional production;credit program;financial framework;regional equity;food need;population concentration;rural family;arable land;minimum level;investment programming;external trade;informal employment;demographic study;residential community;trade point;census data;agricultural economy;agricultural marketing;structural adjustment;urban household;income data;living standard;land policies;land policy;adequate investment



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Kenya - Economic development and urbanization policy (Vol. 2) : Main report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.