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Long term sustainability of improved sanitation in rural Bangladesh (English)

This report includes qualitative and quantitative analysis on behavioral outcomes such as latrine use, sharing, disposal of children's feces, operation and maintenance, and upgrading/ repair to understand the factors that can lead to-or inhibit-sustainable sanitation outcomes. Information on private sector providers, costs of latrine parts and services, institutional factors, and perceived benefits of achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) status. Throughout, there is a focus on the poor and how they compare to other households with more modest means. When sanitation sector professionals hear the words 'sanitation' and 'Bangladesh' the first thought that may come to mind is that it is the birthplace of the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach. However, there is more to the sanitation story from Bangladesh that needs to be shared. Lessons extracted from the Bangladesh experience could richly inform sanitation strategies in other countries, particularly those struggling to increase access to basic sanitation in rural areas. The study unions represented different geographic areas and the four implementation approaches mentioned. A household survey covered 3,000 households in 50 of the Union Parishads, and qualitative research was conducted in a sub-sample of 18 Union Parishads.

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Long term sustainability of improved sanitation in rural Bangladesh (English). Water and Sanitation Program research brief Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.