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Internationalizing Sub-Saharan Africa’s education and health services (English)

This paper summarizes the nature and determinants of trade in education and health services in a selected group of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The paper presents results from new, innovative data collection methods, such as crowdsourcing, to shed some light on the magnitude, determinants, and restrictions on intra-African trade in education and health services. Assessments of trade and regulatory barriers, based on results from regulatory surveys conducted in selected East African countries, and case studies of success stories and less favorable experiences are then used to develop policy recommendations for using trade and regional integration more strategically to improve outcomes in education and health. The analysis shows that to turn these sectors around, policy action is required in the areas of education, domestic regulation, trade policy, labor mobility, and information and communications technologies at the national and international levels. To retain some of the scarce health workers in the region and enhance the region’s competitiveness in providing education and health services, African countries should allow for freer mobility of teachers and health care professionals.


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    Dihel,Nora Carina, Grover,Arti Goswami

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    Working Paper

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  • Doc Name

    Internationalizing Sub-Saharan Africa’s education and health services

  • Keywords

    education and health;Health Service;foreign student;trade and regional integration;international mobility of student;quality assurance and accreditation;international organization for standardization;Massachusetts Institute of Technology;access to medical service;presence of natural persons;information and communication technology;migration of health professionals;shortage of health worker;access to higher education;millennium development goal;health care service delivery;trade in education service;balance of payment statistic;regional cooperation between country;determinants of trade;african students;international student;cost of travel;distance learning program;medical professional;data collection method;health care professional;quality of education;modes of supply;barriers to trade;trade in services;source country;foreign medical professionals;education for adult;education of adult;access to care;higher education sector;primary education service;health care practitioner;burden of disease;cost of living;tertiary education enrollment;higher education institution;international research institution;foreign direct investment;regional integration agreement;extent of loss;human capital investment;supply of health services;colonial education system;migration of physician;demand for health;child day care;data collection technique;independent service suppliers;area of education;regional accreditation bodies;private sector involvement;types of service;cost of treatment;highly skilled worker;health insurance companies;language of instruction;quality of care;demand for service;expenditure on travel;international higher education;centers of excellence;health service provider;frequency of use;distance learning institution;medical tourism;anecdotal evidence;Brain Drain;



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Dihel,Nora Carina Grover,Arti Goswami

Internationalizing Sub-Saharan Africa’s education and health services (English). Africa trade working paper Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.