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Energy efficiency in China : technical and sectoral analysis (English)

China, as a major coal user, is a major contributor of greenhouse gas emissions. Although the energy consumption of China is relatively low--per capita consumption is about one quarter of the world average and one tenth of typical developed country consumptions--the contribution of carbon dioxide is already about 9 per cent of the annual world total. Of the carbon dioxide emissions, it is estimated that around 80 percent comes from the use of fossil fuel as energy sources. The rapid growth of the Chinese economy means that the emissions will continue to increase rapidly unless vigorous efforts are made to improve energy efficiency. The basic objective of this study is the development of strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, based on a comprehensive investigation of the current situation and projections for energy use and emissions over the next 15-20 years. The study includes a number of related elements through which the sources and sinks for greenhouse gases are characterized and options for modifying emissions are explored. This report--one of eleven subreports prepared as inpts to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) technical study, "China: Issues and Options in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control--summarizes the situation in major energy consuming sectors: industry, transport, agriculture, buildings, coal mining, and electricity generation.




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Energy efficiency in China : technical and sectoral analysis (English). China Issues and Options in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Control ; no. 3 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.