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Ghana - OBA Urban Sanitation Facility for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area Project (English)

The OBA Urban Sanitation Facility for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area Project of Ghana had a satisfactory overall outcome, a moderately satisfactory performance by the Bank and the monitoring and evaluation quality was modest. The lessons learned were: (1) The need for extensive due diligence at the design stage of the project to avoid erratic changes to the design factors, changes to the targets, and possible cost overrun. (2) The project made good progress because of the flexibility and pragmatic decisions taken when it encountered affordability issues. (3) The use of technical assistance activities to build capacity of the implementing MMAs at the initial stages of the project with help of World Bank Specialists and local coaches led to increased competitions and enthusiasm among the MMAs. (4) For household sanitation projects in cities with local communities which are homogenous in character the use of respective MMAs. (5) The provision of financial support in the application of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) for the construction of household toilets can greatly increase demand. (6) Adequate provision should made to help SPIs who have to pre-finance the construction of the toilets (equivalent to the subsidy amount) from the meagre household contributions and their own finances when subsidies are included in projects. (7) Projects should be flexible with the choice of technology to ensure a good balance between quality and affordability to the recipients of the project.


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    Implementation Completion and Results Report

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    Ghana - OBA Urban Sanitation Facility for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area Project

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    total number of people; interest rates on loan; access to safe water; short period of time; small scale commercial activity; access to sanitation; sanitation facility; improved sanitation facilities; choice of technology; Toilets; household toilet facility; quality at entry; number of beneficiaries; high population density; Solid Waste Management; combination of factor; categories of beneficiaries; waste management service; behavior change communication; environmental health condition; amount of collateral; water distribution network; demand for sanitation; planning and design; outbreak of disease; alternative sanitation; incidence of cholera; capacity building program; on-site sanitation facility; capacity building support; operations and maintenance; partial credit guarantee; water supply facilities; access to financing; long term financing; source income; source of income; people with disability; treatment of sewage; adequate sanitation facility; public toilet; low-income community; open defecation; household sanitation; Basic Sanitation; budget line; low-income area; septic tank; financing institution; low-income household; target beneficiary; treatment plant; Fecal Sludge; rapid urbanization; faecal sludge; treatment facilities; disbursement arrangement; household income; temporary measure; adequate provision; individual household; financial sustainability; large subsidy; affordable technology; building material; water service; community engagement; drainage system; sanitation solutions; urban poor; human excreta; Water Services; technology option; community toilet; hygiene behavior; rural area; Lending Product; waste collection; rural community; public latrine; vacuum trucks; cost technology; Population Growth; formal restructuring; sanitation activity; expenditure projection; low-income population; financial constraint; adequate funds; high performance; community level; price change; stakeholder engagement; eligible community; Child Health; household benefit; targeted subsidy; institutional sanitation; sludge treatment; visually impaired; disabled person; treatment capacity; donor financing; limited capacity; financing arrangement; average cost; urban community; financial resource; business model; soft loan; safeguard specialist; project identification; spot check; results framework; financial gap; poor household; safe sanitation; risk premium; communication strategist; small grants; loan portfolio; water global; Exchange Rates; household contribution; ghanaian cedi; bucket latrine; increased competition; rental fee; liquid waste; income resident; financial risk; global partnership; lower-income household; urban dweller; floating population; performance risk; National Institutions; slum area; running water; common feature; slum resident; geographic targeting; water closets; human settlement; capacity strengthening; beneficiary identification; media outlet; high achievement; water vendor; selection criterion; sanitation coverage; effective demand; inadequate water; efficiency gain; financing constraint; Fragile Countries; adequate capacity



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Ghana - OBA Urban Sanitation Facility for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.