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Iraq - Emergency Road Rehabilitation Project (English)

The Emergency Road Rehabilitation Project for Iraq had a moderately satisfactory outcome with substantial risk to development outcome. Performance by the Bank and the borrower was moderately satisfactory as well. The project was restructured twice. The first restructuring was to (a) extend the closing date to allow for the implementation of the Um Qasr Al Zubair highway rehabilitation, and (b) to reallocate funds between expenditure categories for Part B to cover escalating construction costs in the Works category. The second restructuring was to (a) extend the closing date to complete on-going works and technical assistance (TA) components for Part A, (b) revise the key performance indicators to reflect realistic results for road and bridge rehabilitation, and (c) to modify the project scope to include a requested supplementary activity to prepare a Transport Sector Master Plan. It is important to note that in 2010 a change in mandate of the implementing agency for Part A, the State Commission for Roads and Bridges (SCRB), meant that the responsibility for village access roads now fell under each Governorate, which financed the rehabilitation of village access roads from their own funds going forward. As a result, all remaining village access road sub-projects for Part A were cancelled as was the development of a road asset management (RAM) system for rural roads to be implemented at SCRB. The following lessons were learned from this project: (1) Timely ratification is important to avoid implementation delay. (2) Generous price contingencies are necessary to control cost overrun in an environment where sourcing and mobilizing material is challenging. (3) More attention should be paid to attract much-needed international expertise by reducing the security risk and increasing the interest level of bidders. (4) In a challenging operating environment, it is important to be able to rely on local agents to monitor safeguards issues in the absence of Bank-led supervision missions. (5) High level commitment is crucial for effective project implementation, particularly in fragile operational environments marked by conflict. (6) Remaining flexible, engaging in continuous dialogue, and showing readiness to adjust to new circumstances should be a top priority when implementing projects in Iraq.


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  • Document Type

    Implementation Completion and Results Report

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  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    Iraq - Emergency Road Rehabilitation Project

  • Keywords

    national transport sector;Economic Internal Rate of Return;Environmental and Social Impact Assessment;road asset management;condition of road asset;Policy and Institutional Framework;economic and financial analysis;Land Acquisition and Resettlement;ip disbursements archived;village access road;road and bridges;rural road network;reduction in travel;detailed engineering design;quality at entry;assessment of outcome;infrastructure and services;financial management specialist;suspension of disbursement;number of trainings;quality of supervision;achievement of outcome;Improving Labor Markets;outputs by components;assessment of risk;mode of transport;depletion of resource;rural road rehabilitation;reallocation of fund;asset management system;country development objective;rural road infrastructure;rural road maintenance;management of road;commitment of funds;road construction industry;institutional capacity building;cost of construction;Environmental Management Plan;road sector;results framework;emergency operation;construction material;security risk;outcome indicator;river crossing;Environmental Assessment;Safeguard Policies;safeguard policy;contractor performance;security situation;core indicator;construction supervision;unit price;emergency loan;independent supervision;road work;employment opportunities;highway rehabilitation;employment opportunity;civil works;bridge design;stakeholder workshop;price contingency;price escalation;monitoring activity;international consultant;vehicle fleet;fiduciary requirements;rehabilitation program;pontoon bridge;critical infrastructure;local resident;construction work;safeguards requirement;road corridor;Public Services;economic independence;operational expense;infrastructure reconstruction;rural isolation;work contracts;advance funding;public consultation;financial mean;transport facility;operational expenditure;financial statement;rural accessibility;sector priorities;competitive environment;governance issue;political level;project effectiveness;budget envelope;field trip;significant challenge;security environment;remote area;hydropower plant;weighing station;security concern;infrastructure activities;tender process;institution building;road service;international auditing;Violent Conflict;political leadership;local capacity;satisfactory rating;donor agencies;involuntary resettlement;direct payment;construction cost;bridge rehabilitation;road improvement;project costing;project finance;middle management;approval process;financing agreement;administrative support;beneficiary survey;external partner;Conflict Prevention;primary author;Management Systems;employment generation;intermediate indicator;economic integration;facilitating trade;comparative advantage;long-term sustainability;central planning;improved accessibility;road agency;monitoring progress;site visits;intensive training;concrete structure;secondary road;temporary employment;credit proceeds;disbursement profile;rural transportation infrastructure;transportation network;transport service;national highway;primary road;comprehensive transportation;rising cost;international bidder;security level;measurable indicators;rural population;credit closing;operational budget;safeguard issue;Exchange Rates;social screening;assessment framework;financial rate;deferred maintenance;municipal road;replacement value;rural area;floating bridge;land transport;donor support;management strategy;road program;trip time;collaborative effort;resource availability;social safeguard;internal control;safeguard specialist;



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Iraq - Emergency Road Rehabilitation Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.