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Gender and youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions (English)

Although the ratio of female to male labor force participation rates is higher in Sub-Saharan Africa than in any other region, these high rates of female labor force participation mask underlying challenges for women. A large majority of employed women work in vulnerable employment. In addition, youth unemployment rates in Sub-Saharan Africa are double those of adult unemployment, and unemployment rates for women are higher than rates faced by men. This paper discusses the specific barriers that youth face in accessing employment in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the ways in which young women's employment is constrained above and beyond the constraints faced by male youth. The paper synthesizes the emerging lessons from a growing evidence base on interventions that aim to support young women's employment, and identifies knowledge gaps and priority research questions for the future. The objective is to develop a gender-informed policy and research agenda on youth employment that can guide practitioners, development partners, and researchers who seek to advance young women's empowerment and employment in the context of youth employment programming and policy making.


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    Vaillant,Julia, Das,Smita, Chakravarty,Shubha

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    Policy Research Working Paper

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    Gender and youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions

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    young woman;Fragile & Conflict-Affected States;female labor force participation;Demographic and Health Survey;labor market due;national school;gender and youth;public provision of education;gender gap in education;women in leadership position;female labor market participation;conflicts in africa;occupational safety and health;Primary and Secondary Education;gender wage gap;labor market entry;young men;labor market opportunities;pattern of segregation;labor force survey;formal labor market;risk of expropriation;public works program;human capital investment;youth unemployment rate;conflict and violence;adverse income shocks;market for skill;accessing wage employment;reducing gender inequality;word of mouth;working age adults;challenges for woman;job search process;cost of child;labor market outcome;acquisition of skill;access to capital;ratio of dependents;access to finance;voice and agency;access to fund;cost of transport;adult male mortality;higher-order thinking skill;intimate partner violence;high quality training;access to contraception;labor market success;achieving gender equality;likelihood of default;arts and craft;formal financial service;skill training programs;problem solving skill;child care programs;job training program;women at risk;cognitive behavior therapy;demand for saving;access to money;Access to Education;Rural Travel and Transport;allocation of labor;nature of women;children under age;enforcement of law;high fertility rate;earnings of woman;male role model;bride price payment;youth employment;young people;occupational choice;family formation;role models;vulnerable employment;sexual harassment;older adult;skill acquisition;soft skills;young adult;



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Vaillant,Julia Das,Smita Chakravarty,Shubha

Gender and youth employment in Sub-Saharan Africa : a review of constraints and effective interventions (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 8245 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.