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The role of trade in ending poverty (English)

The expansion of international trade has been essential to development and reducing poverty but the relationship between economic growth, poverty reduction and trade is not a simple one. This publication looks into this relationship and examines the challenges poor people face in benefiting from trade opportunities. Written jointly by the World Bank Group and the World Trade Organization, the publication examines trade and poverty across four dimensions: rural poverty; the informal economy; the impact of fragility and conflict; and gender. The publication looks at how trade could make a greater contribution to ending poverty through increasing efforts to lower trade costs, improve the enabling environment, implement trade policy in conjunction with other areas of policy, better manage risks faced by the poor, and improve data used for policy-making. This report has three key messages: 1) A sustained effort to deepen economic integration and further lower trade costs is essential for ending poverty. Strong growth in developing countries will be needed to achieve the end of poverty, and trade is a critical enabler of growth, opening up opportunities for new and better work for the poor. Although great progress has been made in reducing trade costs and integrating low-income countries into the global economy, more needs to be done. 2) Lowering tariffs and non-tariff barriers between countries are essential elements of this agenda, but this must form part facing the extreme poor, and for many, their disconnection from markets, if they are to benefit from trade. This includes challenges facing women, the rural poor, those in the informal economy, and those in fragile and conflict-affected states. Thus, in order to have the greatest impact toward ending poverty, trade policy must be made and implemented in conjunction with other areas of policy. This entails deeper cooperation across sectoral lines, government agencies, and a wider range of stakeholders. 3) The World Trade Organization and World Bank Group have made substantial contributions to trade and poverty reduction. However, a great deal more remains to be done to end poverty, and both institutions and other partners need to continually review their activities to support poverty reduction to ensure they remain relevant in an ever-changing world.


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    Bartley Johns,Marcus, Brenton,Paul, Cali,Massimiliano, Hoppe,Mombert, Piermartini, Roberta

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    The World Region,

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    The role of trade in ending poverty

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    Fragile & Conflict-Affected States;information and communication technology;general agreement on tariffs and trade;extreme poverty;sanitary and phytosanitary standards;small and medium size enterprise;fragile and conflict state;Economic Growth and Trade;impact of trade integration;contribution to poverty reduction;medical research and development;impact on poverty reduction;share of world trade;total number of people;per capita consumption growth;global economy;extreme poverty line;global trading system;trade and poverty;trade opportunity;Aid for Trade;global value chain;export of goods;extremely poor people;decline in poverty;growth in agriculture;poverty reduction effort;movement of people;effective poverty reduction;gdp growth rate;integration market;expansion of export;extraction of mineral;political economy constraint;trade and services;market access commitment;access to finance;implementation of policies;informal sector worker;international trade policy;benefits for woman;dimensions of poverty;effective risk management;rural economic growth;impact of aid;reduction in poverty;labor market adjustment;governance and institutions;share of trade;fragmentation of production;return to investment;participation of woman;demand for labor;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;understanding of poverty;monitoring poverty reduction;standard of living;market for good;education and health;per capita income;rates of return;economies of scale;lack of competition;flow of idea;impact on productivity;flow of investment;multilateral trade negotiation;transfer of technology;national income distribution;financing development;impact of knowledge;trade policy agenda;trade costs;



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Bartley Johns,Marcus Brenton,Paul Cali,Massimiliano Hoppe,Mombert Piermartini, Roberta

The role of trade in ending poverty (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.