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Patterns of governance in Africa (English)

The paper outlines a systematic framework for considering governance comparatively across countries. The resulting typology distinguishes among different, country starting points according to the quality of political, and administrative governance. The typology is applied across twenty two African countries (using data from 1996). The paper explores how to fit the design of programs of action to strengthen public sector performance, to divergent country starting points. It concludes that a focus on managerial, and organizational reforms is appropriate in countries where the institutions of political governance already are quite strong. But where adequate political institutions are not yet "locked-in", reforms should focus more on demand-side, participative initiatives, which foster civic participation (including user participation, and oversight in service delivery, and system re-orientation to empower, and build the capacity of local governments).

Details

  • Author

    Levy, Brian D.

  • Document Date

    2002/09/30

  • Document Type

    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

  • Report Number

    25035

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    Patterns of governance in Africa

  • Keywords

    quality of public service;quality of service delivery;red tape;political governance;patterns of governance;public management system;bureaucratic quality;improving service delivery;Rule of Law;dimension of governance;indicators of governance;right of citizens;Check and Balances;benchmark of governance;improvement in governance;pattern of change;quality of bureaucracy;loss of confidence;fundamental governance challenge;service delivery performance;governance of school;irrigation system management;private economic activity;service delivery initiative;special economic zone;goodness of fit;export processing zone;amount of power;road and bridges;delivery of service;indices of performance;newly industrialized country;loss of credibility;bureaucratic red tape;cost of entry;interpretation of law;political authority;rank correlation;good governance;social consensus;political leadership;governance reform;bureaucratic performance;Public Services;public official;political control;judicial quality;quality measure;bureaucratic power;informal system;quality service;transactions cost;private investment;governance system;judicial institution;political power;property right;external pressure;civic participation;civil conflict;institutional capital;public resource;transparent rule;civic empowerment;cut-off point;Inclusive Business;political decentralization;community empowerment;hierarchical approach;governance dimension;feedback mechanism;consultative mechanism;cross-country differences;business interest;comparative history;adequate services;delivery mechanism;market economy;governance constraints;private provider;procedural rule;participant group;traditional society;historical analysis;individual right;donor funding;dominant elites;public voice;local ownership;consultative process;social group;formal sector;regulation function;political development;special incentives;correlation coefficient;delivery service;direct route;present analysis;urban water;difficult environment;waste system;regulatory constraint;environmental regulation;ordinary citizens;foreign currency;non-governmental organization;public revenue;net result;political philosophy;labor regulation;judicial system;institutional analysis;high correlation;geographic entities;political order;civic activism;cross-country comparison;coherent framework;professional responsibility;operational indicator;governance conditions;political dimensions;constitutional reform;price control;organizational reform;civil society;political institution;system program;entry regulation;social resource;oversight mechanism;informal channel;reform effort;discretionary allocation;governance arrangement;populist politics;civic knowledge;colonial rule;country survey;stable for governance;military rule;institutional strength;Political Economy;state power;public arena;institutional framework;political process;personal interest;political structure;internal rule;institutional mechanism;judicial independence;business practice;social end;political choice;bureaucratic hierarchy;principal-agent problem;constitutional order;beneficiary participation;public decision;social order;participatory approach;user surveys;regulatory quality;corruption variable;survey results;common perception;administrative apparatus;foreign trade;market transaction;hierarchical system;agency problem;stable policy;community group;unexpected changes;state action;national wealth;present value;private return;executive agency;comparative knowledge;social actor;bureaucratic control;central tendency;political equilibrium;discretionary authority;bonded warehouse;business environment;financial control;medical experts;public budget;civil engineer;

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Citation

Levy, Brian D.

Patterns of governance in Africa (English). Africa Region working paper series ; no. 36 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/732501468742180190/Patterns-of-governance-in-Africa