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Armenia - Demographic change and implications for social policy and poverty (Armenian)

Armenia is currently experiencing significant demographic changes, which have far-reaching policy implications. Shifts in a country's demographic profile happen only gradually they do not often figure prominently in day-to-day policy deliberations. However, an awareness of these trends and their ramifications is essential to inform decision-making on a wide range of economic and social issues. This policy note: (i) provides an overview of key demographic changes unfolding in Armenia; (ii) explores their implications for working-age and elderly populations; and (iii) highlights linkages with social spending and the poor. The major drivers of Armenia's demographic shift are population decline and an aging population. With fewer people of working age expected to support a growing percentage of elderly persons, policymakers might consider a number of policy questions. These include: (i) how to balance poverty-reduction policies aimed at different stages of the life cycle; (ii) how to ensure that future productivity gains compensate for the slowdown and eventual shrinkage of the working-age population; and (iii) how to maintain the fiscal sustainability of pension and health programs as the share of older people continues to rise. The note is structured as follows: section two summarizes the key demographic trends underway in Armenia; section three presents a profile of poverty and social spending by age; section four analyzes the policy issues In each of these three sections, the poverty reduction angle is emphasized. The final section provides a summary of the key messages.


  • Author

    Levin, Victoria

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  • Document Type

    Policy Note

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    Europe and Central Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Armenia - Demographic change and implications for social policy and poverty

  • Keywords

    aged, children per woman, Demographic Trends, Demography, dependency ratio, Disability, Early Childhood, elderly, hospital, Human Capital, Income, International Cooperation, Labor force, mortality, Old-age, patient care, pensions, Population Division, Population Estimates, Sex, Sex Ratio, Sex Ratios, Social Affairs, Social Expenditures, Unemployment, World Population



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Levin, Victoria

Armenia - Demographic change and implications for social policy and poverty (Armenian). South Caucasus programmatic poverty assessment technical note ; no 5 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.