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Risky business : poor women cross-border traders in the great lakes region of Africa (English)

There is enormous potential for international trade to drive economic growth and poverty reduction in the Great Lakes region of Africa. Much of the attention on eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been focused on the minerals sector, yet there is substantial scope to expand output of other sectors, especially agriculture, but also services. While an improvement in the security situation is necessary for agricultural output to recover, greater economic opportunities and rising living standards will contribute to greater stability. For example, increasing returns to agricultural activities can provide a genuine alternative occupation and source of income to artisanal mining and thus facilitate the shift to a more organized and less disruptive mining sector. This note summarizes the results of a study that has looked at cross border trade between the DRC and Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda. The conclusions are stark: the livelihoods and activities of these women traders are currently being undermined by high levels of harassment and physical violence at the border and the prevalence of unofficial payments and bribes. As such cross-border trade is nothing more than a mode of survival for these women rather than an opportunity for growth and development.

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Details

  • Author

    Brenton, Paul Bashinge Bucekuderhwa, Celestin Hossein, Caroline Nagaki, Shiho Ntagoma, Jean Baptiste

  • Document Date

    2011/01/01

  • Document Type

    Brief

  • Report Number

    60112

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/03/14

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Risky business : poor women cross-border traders in the great lakes region of Africa

  • Keywords

    border crossing;legal and justice system;cross-border movement of good;cross-border trade;cross-border traders;access to finance;source income;source of income;payment of bribes;lack of transparency;informal trader;concentration of people;growth and development;vegetable and fruit;information on price;fruit and vegetable;act of violence;small scale trader;fee for service;number of women;views of poor;taxation of imports;source of revenue;access to information;health and hygiene;price to consumer;cross border trader;woman trader;cross-border exchange;focus group;agricultural output;policy regime;physical abuse;agricultural product;sexual harassment;gender dimension;international demand;border post;social class;trade rule;distribution channel;health control;risky business;Mineral Sector;security situation;formal economy;border officials;legal rule;gender awareness;simplified procedures;business opportunity;increasing return;building use;sexual crime;female official;young men;raise awareness;gender issue;international market;start-up capital;custom procedure;business practice;average age;physical violence;basic food;food surplus;trade price;customs reform;rural transportation infrastructure;trading activity;heavily dependent;regional food;illegal activities;beneficial impact;financial reward;food product;business knowledge;regular income;street light;Physical securities;customs agency;public policy;trader association;

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Citation

Brenton, Paul Bashinge Bucekuderhwa, Celestin Hossein, Caroline Nagaki, Shiho Ntagoma, Jean Baptiste

Risky business : poor women cross-border traders in the great lakes region of Africa (English). Africa trade policy notes ; no. 11 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/742571468007855952/Risky-business-poor-women-cross-border-traders-in-the-great-lakes-region-of-Africa