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India : education sector development in the 1990s - a country assistance evaluation (English)

Since 1980 the Bank's assistance to the education sector has grown considerably, setting the pace for a working relationship, in line with India's principle of self-sufficiency, and domestic development. Lending for technical and vocational education and training (TVET), focused on improving the quality of instruction, and on empowering institutions to provide training based on industrial demand. TVET also focused on increased female participation. The Operations Evaluation Department (OED) rated TVET project performance as satisfactory, though substantial improvements are still needed in industry linkages, quality of trainers, and academic flexibility. Regarding primary education, while improvements were achieved in attaining a high level government commitment, and increased educational enrollment, particularly in most deprived areas, concerns for primary education include poor learning outcomes, teacher shortages, and quality of in-service training. OED rates the outcome of the educational program as satisfactory, institutional development as modest, and sustainability as likely. Specifically for primary education, it is suggested to independently verify enrollments, and the flow of funds at the local level, and, assess processes that influence project success. Sectoral lending recommendations suggest an integrated approach, and study of the effects of one sub-sector onto another.




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India : education sector development in the 1990s - a country assistance evaluation (English). Operations Evaluation Department (OED) working paper series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.