Skip to Main Navigation

Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of - Demand for skills in FYR Macedonia (Macedonian)

This technical note aims to shed some light on the very high and persistent unemployment levels in Macedonia, by focussing on skills mismatch. The difference between skills sought by employers, and those possessed by available workers, are presented in a specifically designed employer survey of the demand for skills, that was carried out in 2009. The survey identified core employability skills, and skills that workers are most frequently lacking. It found that employers consider many job applicants to be lacking the soft skills, such as appropriate behavior, work ethic, and good attitude on the job. The existence of the skills mismatch indicates that unemployment in Macedonia is to some extent structural. Accordingly, investment in skills, including soft skills, is necessary in order to reduce unemployment in Macedonia. The analysis of a skills mismatch based on an employer survey, is by its nature incomplete, and the report discusses its limitations. However, the analysis provides important input into education, training, and employment policies, by determining the key skill gaps, and by identifying types of firms that are affected by skill shortages. The note presents the main findings, and provides context for further analysis by comparing the level of the skills shortage in Macedonia to that in other countries in the region.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    North Macedonia,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of - Demand for skills in FYR Macedonia

  • Keywords

    aggregate employment, basic literacy, blue collar occupations, communication skills, craftsmen, curricula, Early childhood, Early childhood development, educated workers, employability, employment growth, employment policies, ethics, firm growth, firm size, generic skills, high unemployment, Job Creation, job destruction, job destruction rate, job search, job vacancies, job vacancy, jobs, labor market, labor market information, labor market institutions, labor market needs, Labor Markets, labor productivity, labor supply, labor supply incentives, laborers, literacy skills, manual labor, motivation, Numeracy, occupation, paying jobs, peer groups, problem solving, Problem solving skills, school system, skill requirements, skill shortages, skilled workers, teaching, tertiary education, trained workers, unemployed, Unemployment, wage dispersion, wage distribution, worker, workers, workforce skills, young workers



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of - Demand for skills in FYR Macedonia (Macedonian). Washington DC : World Bank