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Determinants of intra-urban location of manufacturing employment : an analysis of survey results for Bogota, Colombia (English)

This paper describes the sampling strategy of the establishment survey conducted in Bogota to study the determinants of manufacturing employment location, and reports descriptive findings based on the survey. The analysis of the survey results revealed that the industry is dominated by single plant operations with a moderate production scale; most firms use a line-flow type production process housed in a single story plant; new firms are small and operate in old buildings. Most of the shipments of inputs and final products are made by trucks, and rail is seldom used. The firms export less than 50 percent of their products to outside Bogota. Plant relocation tends to accompany changes in production technology. More than 80 percent of workers stayed with the same firms after relocation. Plant space was the most important factor in the firm's location choice, followed by rent payment, proximities to suppliers, amenities of zones, road access, proximities to clients and the quality of public services. Twenty-two percent of sample firms had a plan to relocate within the next five years, with medium-size firms showing the highest propensity to relocate and most large firms showing none.

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Citation

LEE, K. DED

Determinants of intra-urban location of manufacturing employment : an analysis of survey results for Bogota, Colombia (English). Urban and regional report ; no. URR 8103 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/746231468241438167/Determinants-of-intra-urban-location-of-manufacturing-employment-an-analysis-of-survey-results-for-Bogota-Colombia