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India - Kerala Forestry Project (English)

Project ratings are as follows: Project outcome is satisfactory, sustainability is likely, institutional development impact is substantial, Bank performance is satisfactory, and Borrower performance is satisfactory. These are some key lessons learned: 1) A project management cell with competent and long-term staff, as was the case with KFP, is a fundamental element in achieving successful outcomes for a project. 2) A holistic approach to forestry sector development that links various elements within the sector provides a realistic and effective approach to achieving development. 3) Site-specific, bottom up planning provides not only a more realistic approach to forest and plantation management, but also engenders a greater sense of involvement and responsibility amongst divisional and field staff. 4) A four years' project is too short a time frame for forestry. Though the project was appraised as two-stage project for four and five years' period, only first stage was approved leaving a follow up operation uncertain as proved later. 5) Projects must be given sufficient time for completion, especially those in forestry that have well known and inherent start-up problems. 6) Early and transparent agreements on policy reforms and the immediate establishment of institutional strengthening are key to underpinning successful project implementation and sustainability. 7) Community participation, if established on a sustainable basis with adequate and equitably distributed benefits is a highly effective and efficient means of ensuring protection of natural forests from fire and biotic influences, and managing fragile ecosystems. 8) The establishment of well-managed community institutions creates empowerment for the community and develops self-help groups that can attract other development support from external partners. 9) The conflict between wildlife and farmers needs to be addressed: effective conservation of wildlife increases destruction of crops and property in lands adjacent to protected areas. 10) While initial progress has been made in promoting participatory approaches to biodiversity conservation, monitoring and sustainability should be given serious consideration in any similar future effort.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Implementation Completion and Results Report

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  • Region

    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    India - Kerala Forestry Project

  • Keywords

    Rehabilitation of Degraded Forest;environment and natural resources management;Soil and Water Conservation;natural forest management;source income;alternative sources of funding;high rural population density;manpower need;Project Preparation and Appraisal;sustainable use of forestry;participatory forest management;quality at entry;standard of living;institutional development impact;principal performance ratings;conservation of biodiversity;country assistance strategy;ratings of bank;geographic information system;medicinal plant cultivation;human resource development;supply of wood;Country Assistance Strategies;development of forest;protection against fire;removal of trees;human resource capability;seed production area;supply of good;flow of information;sea turtle conservation;bottom up planning;human resource management;sustainable resource use;availability of fund;outputs by components;conservation of forest;wetland conservation program;income generating activity;Financial Management System;income generating scheme;cost of equipment;cost equipment;sense of involvement;wild water bird;forest sector policy;Science and Technology;management of biodiversity;rural community;plantation development;participatory management;natural regeneration;counterpart fund;holistic approach;fire protection;forestry sector;sacred grove;project costing;forestry policy;borrower performance;operational management;conservation area;Tree Growing;improve forest;fire management;wood production;participatory approach;sample plot;self-help group;awareness program;Rural Poor;strategic approach;plant material;clonal planting;data compilation;forestry production;raw material;potential yield;protected area;skill mix;institutional improvement;regular operations;treatment practices;endangered species;improving management;participatory conservation;lessons learnt;forest policies;financial rate;scientific knowledge;public support;joint family;private land;plantation management;process change;moisture conservation;tribal community;international study;habitat management;farm forestry;improving productivity;quality seed;exchange rate;Exchange Rates;interpretative material;plantation forest;conserve biodiversity;educational program;extension service;wetland site;community group;effective approach;fragile ecosystem;financial sustainability;information center;mangrove forest;appraisal mission;bird watching;heavily dependent;forest extension;bank's performance;social forestry;scientific advice;biodiversity assessment;important wetland;scientific community;aromatic plants;state fund;local knowledge;field staff;biodiversity resource;product price;managed forest;critical habitat;community participation;institutional strengthening;fiscal problem;socio-economic context;special provision;tribal groups;national policy;government control;effective conservation;external partner;community institution;community livelihoods;fiscal crisis;conservation effort;forest operation;field operations;annual target;wage employment;transition arrangement;approved plan;physical delivery;reserve forest;plant program;direct payment;sectoral approach;forest productivity;state reform;network computer;data management;environmental stability;ecological balance;living standard;forest condition;high rainfall;conservation field;Landscape Management;indian rupee;stakeholder participation;scientific management;increase productivity;vegetative cover;research result;weak section;tribal people;financial resource;budget fund;rehabilitation program;clonal propagation;certification process;trouble shooting;eucalyptus species;working relationship;degraded forests;canopy cover;adaptive research;human capital;forest communities;institutional approach;net profit;protection payment;acacia plantation;survival rate;geographic dispersion;improved livelihood;forest fire;infrastructure facility;pilot initiatives;investment program;anecdotal evidence;limited capacity;market projection;institutional requirements



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India - Kerala Forestry Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.