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Forced Displacement, Gender, and Livelihoods : Refugees in Ethiopia (English)

This study uses the Ethiopia Skills Profile Survey (2017) to examine the gender differences in livelihood opportunities and activities between refugees and host communities. The results show that refugees are significantly less likely to be in employment, and that household characteristics influence women’s economic opportunities. While having a female household head, access to agricultural land, and the number of female adults increased female participation in economic activities, conversely, higher numbers of children in the household significantly reduce women’s opportunities. Higher education attainment boosts both male and female refugees’ participation in wage employment. Among refugees, Somali refugees have relatively better access to employment opportunities compared to other refugee groups, especially refugees from South Sudan and Sudan.

Details

  • Author

    Bogale,Yeshwas Admasu

  • Document Date

    2021/11/29

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS9862

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Ethiopia,

  • Region

    Africa East,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/11/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Forced Displacement, Gender, and Livelihoods : Refugees in Ethiopia

  • Keywords

    the administration; gender dimension; lack of access to capital; access to health care service; Host Communities; male-headed household; income from wage employment; access to employment opportunity; income-earning opportunity; low levels of education; lack of employment opportunity; lack of employment opportunities; complete primary school; refugee-hosting country; access to health service; access to land; participation in employment; Internally Displaced Person; country of origin; income from agriculture; fixed effect model; Access to Education; high poverty rate; formal labor market; terms of policy; household and individual; participation of woman; delivery of service; source of income; national poverty line; primary school attendance; income from sources; labor force participation; efforts of governments; artisanal gold mining; process of reform; reproductive health service; local labor market; registration of birth; number of refugees; source income; women in refugee; income generating activity; causes of displacement; right to freedom; source of employment; human rights violation; gender difference; refugee household; household head; livelihood opportunity; farm activities; farm activity; refugee woman; forced displacement

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Citation

Bogale,Yeshwas Admasu

Forced Displacement, Gender, and Livelihoods : Refugees in Ethiopia (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9862 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/754711638209414704/Forced-Displacement-Gender-and-Livelihoods-Refugees-in-Ethiopia