Skip to Main Navigation

Ex-combatants in Burundi : why they joined, why they left, how they fared (English)

This report presents some findings about ex-combatants that are derived from a wider study on masculinity and youth. This study involved almost 400 Burundians from all walks of life, with whom author had lengthy conversations about questions of development, peace, the future, their plans for themselves and their children, and just life in general. Among those interviewed, there were 63 ex-combatants. The author pulled these results out and presents them here separately in an attempt to gain a better understanding of who these people are and how their return to their communities has proceeded. This report will focus mainly on the "reintegration" part of the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) program-not the DD parts, which had taken place (or not) long before author arrived. Evidently, this is a small sample of the entire Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) target group of more than 20,000 ex-combatants nationwide. The results presented here, thus, are mainly indicative of the specific places the author worked in; more substantial research is required to test their validity on a larger scale.


  • Author


  • Document Date


  • Document Type


  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region


  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Ex-combatants in Burundi : why they joined, why they left, how they fared

  • Keywords

    War;child soldier;transition from war to peace;demobilization and reintegration program;young men;Career;Access to Education;space child;Internally Displaced Person;recognition of service;small bank;income generating opportunity;income generating activity;sense of insecurity;combination of factor;high school diploma;Benefits of Education;loss of parent;social service program;demobilized soldier;peer pressure;unemployed man;educational level;average age;young people;Civil War;host families;child recruitment;social category;forced recruitment;common cause;rural area;armed groups;ethnic group;peace agreement;national structure;rural boys;broadest sense;farm animal;local traditions;political stability;conflict reduction;rebel attack;off-farm income;social situation;predatory behavior;social identity;family emergency;dramatic change;Vocational Training;medical expense;university graduate;democratic system;Social Mobility;school fee;political dynamic;institutional legacy;rural life;career path;social actor;technical school;small farm;rebel movement;leaving school;urban youth;social prestige;local militias;national liberation;national defense;single person;small holding;Armed Forces;mountainous terrain;international peace;sensitization meetings;rural commune;small sample;ethnic cleansing;political party;political parties;marriage market;younger sibling;rural town;university education;informal sector;hospitalization fee;human rights;military man;widespread poverty;non-governmental organization;monthly payment;counter operation;social exclusion;political movement;military training;church agencies;general literature;farmer;



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Ex-combatants in Burundi : why they joined, why they left, how they fared (English). Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) working paper,No. 3 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.