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Malaysia - Managing costs of urban pollution : country economic report (English)

The objectives of the report are: (a) to identify the scale of urban pollution in Malaysia as it affects the quality of air and water and the accumulation of toxic waste; (b) to identify the major sources of pollution in industry, transport and in the form of municipal waste and sewerage; (c) to suggest cost-effective strategies for pollution abatement; and (d) to evaluate new policy initiatives for strengthening state and local governments, privatization and institutional reform to improve pollution control and delivery of urban municipal services. The basic message of the report is positive and action-oriented. Developed country experience shows that most forms of industrial/urban environmental degradation can be reversed even after long period of neglect, but at increasing cost. The approach taken in this report thus is to: (a) identify and tackle those problems whose postponement would result in high costs later; and (b) suggest low cost control measures relative to their benefits (in terms of avoided health costs and productivity loss).




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Malaysia - Managing costs of urban pollution : country economic report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.