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Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry (English)

This study looks into the challenges and opportunities posed by urbanization in Guinea, reviewing briefly the trends at the national level but focusing on the urban area of Conakry. The main reasons for focusing on the urban area of Conakry are the following. While secondary cities in Guinea are growing economically and in population, Conakry already represents close to 50 percent of the urban population and its demographic growth outpaces that of other urban areas. This creates a sense of urgency to solving the country’s capital problems. Secondly, Conakry remains the country’s main interface for international trade through its port facility. Failure to address Conakry’s issues, including congestion levels, would likely weaken its (and Guinea’s) attractiveness in the long run. Follow-up studies could however look into Guinea’s system of cities, including how they are connected to each other within the country and with their neighbors. The analysis presented in this review shows that urban areas in Guinea, and Conakryin particular are currently not acting as engines of growth and competitiveness and are failing at providing public services and quality living standards for their residents. It argues that the reasons are to be found i) in the business environment which, recent progress aside, stymies private sector job creation and economic diversification, ii) in Conakry’s deficient connectivity system which acts as a bottleneck for residents to have access to economic opportunities, iii) in its obsolete and unenforced planning strategies and its rigid land markets and iv) in the lack of institutional clarity and financial resources which leads to underinvestment in public services.

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    Avner,Paolo, Mukim,Megha

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    Working Paper

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  • Doc Name

    Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry

  • Keywords

    disaster risk management; access to basic service; access to electric power; household access to electricity; ventilated improved pit latrine; private sector job creation; water & waste management; public transport service delivery; main mode of transport; access to land; share of employment; enterprise survey; improved water source; slum upgrading operation; urban road infrastructure; engine of growth; access to finance; natural resource rent; vehicles per day; urbanization; access to sanitation; lack of resource; private sector activity; public transport supply; demand for land; revenue sharing arrangement; piped sewer system; overvalued exchange rate; high population density; health care facilities; health care facility; urban economic growth; agricultural productivity growth; lack of road; access to financing; business environment constraints; transport of good; spread of disease; public transport sector; rising sea levels; mass transport system; sea level rise; land registration procedure; damage from flood; lack of investment; basic health care; safe drinking water; urban road network; trips by foot; main road network; land and housing; risk of accident; space for pedestrian; employment growth; paved road; Tax Administration; secondary city; informal operators; city centre; informal sector; political instability; tradable sector; national gdp; employment opportunity; employment opportunities; job opportunity; urban mobility; job opportunities; land market; heavy traffic; land use; public space; urban population; urban growth; extreme precipitation; labor skills; comparator country; formal economy; improved land; productive activity; natural hazard; education infrastructure; tax rate; flush toilet; improved sanitation; driving license; rail infrastructure; poor infrastructure; spatial mismatch; census data; high traffic; Resource Curse; urban system; industrial activity; congestion level; financial resource; arterial road; high road; program leader; spatial development; firm size; vehicle flow; national account; Manufacturing; distribution network; illegal connection; household benefit; concession scheme; urban passenger; personal vehicle; water distribution; monitoring program; driving behavior; passenger mobility; fleet renewal; transport demand; septic system; hydropower production; bus owner; hydropower potential; passenger transportation; bus network; composting toilet; urban employment; Employment Change; manufacturing sector; total employment; Retail Sector; safety issue; high urbanization; national employment; economic sector; rolling stock; urban goods; average share; manufacturing activities; low share; mobility indicator; water tower; taxi driver; open competition; traffic condition; commercial speed; land plot; technological service; high share; motorized trips; Financial Sector; industrial production; university level; skilled labor; technological content; agricultural economy; metal product; average change; labour regulation; moving vehicle; young age; medium firms; higher growth; positive relationship; regression analysis; financing constraint; electricity provision; customs datum; smaller share; medium-size company; parked vehicle; legal process; informal practice; trade tax; power outage; heavy burden; legal system; average speed; crowded sidewalk; cross road; institutional framework; Traffic Lights; port activity; household survey; industrial zone; primary road; government building; industrial plant; spatial variation; urban corridor; land scarcity; open source; ecological footprint; urban sprawl; colonial city; environmental limit; customs administration; customs process; traffic regulation; public lighting; criminal activity; street vendor; income quintile; rainy season; tropical climate; effective water; Urban Infrastructure; national authority; radial road; bus route; computing service; health infrastructure; public subsidy; public tap; piped water; public toilet; waste collection; private entity



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Avner,Paolo Mukim,Megha

Guinea Urban Sector Review : Planning, Connecting, Financing in Conakry (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.