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Strengthening Moldova’s Disaster Risk Management and Climate Resilience : Facing Current Issues and Future Challenges (English)

Moldova is exposed to an array of natural hazards, and their impact disproportionately affects the poor. The Government of Moldova has been strengthening institutions to better prepare for and respond to disasters. It has improved the ability to forecast severe weather, including at the local level, through improved hydrometeorological services; it has reduced the agricultural sector’s vulnerability to climate change by improving irrigation services, strengthening the existing agriculture insurance scheme, and promoting climate-smart agriculture practices; and - importantly in light of the small size of the country - it has strengthened regional collaboration and knowledge sharing on disaster risk management (DRM). Local capacity is essential because Moldova’s ability to respond to Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), or any other shock or stress, is not just determined by its level of preparedness and readiness to cope with such complex crises, but also by the level of effectiveness of its governance systems (particularly in urban areas), as well as its existing service delivery and infrastructure systems. In this DRM country policy note, chapter one provides an overview of Moldova’s disaster and climate risk profile. Chapter two reviews the current institutional and legal framework for disaster risk management and financing, including measures and policies recently adopted. Chapter three is an assessment of the current DRM situation in Moldova, including ex ante and ex post disaster risk financing and insurance (DRFI) instruments currently in use for budget mobilization, and explores a potential earthquake scenario for Chisinau in more detail. The fourth chapter concludes with a look at potential institutional and financial gaps, including a summary of recommendations and different sets of corrective measures that can be envisaged.

Details

  • Author

    Baeumler,Axel E. N., Kerblat,Yann, Ionascu,Alexei, Kull,Daniel Werner, Gobjila,Anatol, Kindap,Ahmet

  • Document Date

    2020/06/01

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    157503

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Moldova,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/03/18

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Strengthening Moldova’s Disaster Risk Management and Climate Resilience : Facing Current Issues and Future Challenges

  • Keywords

    community resilience; seismic risk; Resilient Recovery and Reconstruction; national spatial data infrastructure; disaster risk management; ex ante risk management; inspectorate for emergency situation; vulnerability to climate change; legal and regulatory framework; information and communication technology; urban and regional planning; emergency response; drought; flood; climate change adaptation; disaster risk financing; Disaster Risk Reduction; impact of disaster; severe weather events; change in temperature; extreme weather event; flood risk management; seismic hazard; early warning; flood risk assessment; state of emergency; management of flood; commencement of services; costs of flood; electric power distribution; road and bridges; probability of occurrence; disaster risk assessment; risk management consultant; public health crisis; rapid population growth; early warning system; health care system; risk management strategy; health service provision; emergency response plan; climate change risk; health care facilities; health care facility; resources and capacity; local emergency plan; regional development program; land use planning; civil society institution; risk reduction efforts; central public management; Disaster Risk Mitigation; international financial institution; consequences of disasters; risk reduction mechanism; laws and regulation; seismic risk reduction; building code reform; earthquake risk; climate resilience; financial protection; Agriculture; natural hazard; urban population; infrastructure system; legal framework; flood hazard; Climate Risk; available resources; IS Building; risk identification; contingency planning; air temperature; Public Services; regional cooperation; city mayor; domestic capacity; crisis management; seismic event; flood protection; safety level; Urban Planning; response measure; climate-smart agriculture; response effort; public building; socioeconomic development; seismic retrofitting; poor household; geographical distribution; vulnerable group; hot summer; emergency management; spatial information; national authority; residential building; recent progress; risk analysis; nonstructural measures; damage assessment; emergency service; building stock; heavy rain; seismic vulnerability; gas emission; building type; local building; fundamental principles; geographic location; clay soil; heat wave; soil property; death toll; engineering study; hydrometeorological service; climate variability; institutional set-up; crop yield; ground motion; tall building; legislative framework; household consumption; government authority; agricultural producer; value added; risk profile; city population; data exchange; homeless people; donor support; disaster information; crisis situation; limited capacity; disaster occurrence; damaged house; rescue operation; flood management; summer rain; public asset; meteorological events; agricultural production; industrial asset; rural area; Public Infrastructure; earthquake country; extreme heat; climate trends; rural economy; extreme event; gross value; industrial building; ground acceleration; geographic distribution; hazard information; transport network; continental climate; agriculture sector; research activity; several times; risk map; small rivers; flash flood; local flood; small dam; capital loss; georeferenced data; River basin; climate adaptation; municipal government; education facility; local population; seismic engineers; residential housing; budget process; overall cost; physical asset; water resource; climate-sensitive sectors; water ministries; fault line; donor funding; major hazard; assessment system; several sectors; institutional change; financing instrument; contingent liability; contingent liabilities; national economy; earthquake recovery; population increase; demographic evolution; homeless population; rural-urban migration; urban settlement; seismic areas; first responders; business continuity; Population Density; building collapse

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Citation

Baeumler,Axel E. N. Kerblat,Yann Ionascu,Alexei Kull,Daniel Werner Gobjila,Anatol Kindap,Ahmet

Strengthening Moldova’s Disaster Risk Management and Climate Resilience : Facing Current Issues and Future Challenges (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/767811616046683526/Strengthening-Moldova-s-Disaster-Risk-Management-and-Climate-Resilience-Facing-Current-Issues-and-Future-Challenges