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Introducing energy-efficient clean technologies in the brick sector of Bangladesh (English)

This study's objectives are: (i) to present the pros and cons of existing and alternative brick technologies in Bangladesh with specific focus on pollution and energy efficiency; (ii) to estimate the private and social benefits of these technologies (iii) to summarize China's experience in the development of the brick industry, as the world leader brick producer and (iv) to provide concrete recommendations for adopting cleaner technologies in Bangladesh. The study focuses on the brick cluster located in northern Dhaka, which comprises 530 Fixed Chimney Kiln (FCKs) that produce 2.1 billion bricks annually (14 percent of the country's brick production). As the brick sector is a prominent contributor to air pollution in Dhaka, it is important to distinguish its contribution to the city's air pollution from other sources, including transport and other industries. Because of limited data availability, the analysis relies on the most realistic assumptions drawn from monitored data in Bangladesh or neighboring countries (i.e., Nepal and India). As a result, the estimated net returns for each technology are orders of magnitude rather than precise estimates. This report analysis the brick sector in Bangladesh and assesses the feasibility of cleaner alternative technologies.


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    Other Environmental Study

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    South Asia,

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    Introducing energy-efficient clean technologies in the brick sector of Bangladesh

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    brick kiln;brick sector;national ambient air quality standards;social cost-benefit analysis;access to energy efficient technology;brick production;co2 emission;infant and child mortality;Present Value of Benefits;raw material;natural gas as fuel;Environmental and Social Impact;short period of time;Board of Executive Directors;occupational safety and health;brick industry;flue gas;increase energy efficiency;coal consumption;poor air quality;impact on health;impacts of pollution;cost of coal;value added tax;restricted activity day;parameter value;carbon emission reduction;social and environmental;gdp growth rate;tax market prices;ton of coal;cost of land;fast economic growth;term of data;net return;heat loss;cost of construction;cost of fuel;local air pollution;emergency room visits;cost of buildings;annual rental value;dispersion of pollutant;increasing energy efficiency;level of fuel;increase in labor;improvement in productivity;laws and regulation;energy efficient practices;lack of knowledge;commercial lending institution;measurement emission;Sustainable Economic Development;modern energy service;environmental clearance certificate;urban air pollution;cost of carbon;improved working condition;law and regulation;construction of road;types of cost;gas flow rate;standard operating procedure;reduction in emission;long-term health problems;natural gas supply;government primary school;quality of data;access to finance;economic growth rate;purchasing power parity;reduced air pollution;combustion of coal;machinery and equipment;high population density;hot flue gas;ambient air pollution;working capital finance;acres of land;access to carbon;consultations with stakeholders;discount rate;kiln owners;coal ash;field survey;premature death;new technology;investment cost;rainy season;average production;emission level;construction industry;Clean Technology;artificial drying;agricultural yield;crop yield;building material;calorific value;particulate emission;pollution level;fuel use;child labor;annual production;labor productivity;energy intensity;energy intensities;floor space;combustion zone;private cost;agricultural productivity;negative effect;Global Warming;dry season;suspend particulate;emission standard;black smoke;government regulation;technology base;dispersion pattern;valuation method;carbon market;premature mortality;conversion factor;production process;compressive strength;coal particle;health damage;brick making;emission measurement;large enterprise;improved technologies;total employment;construction material;kiln operator;social issue;rural area;monetary valuation;respiratory symptom;brick manufacturing;traditional kiln;Natural Resources;life span;respiratory disease;residential area;monetary term;capacity utilization;migrant family;lung cancer;subsidized credit;secondary data;knowledge gap;cardiopulmonary disease;sensitivity analysis;living space;ambient concentration;benefit valuation;standard design;existing technology;clean alternative;standard practice;product diversity;air movement;sulfur dioxide;iron sheet;urban population;weather condition;energy shortage;preferential tax;labor supply;coal burn;land lease;wheel barrows;stone chips;skilled labor;field visits;forest degradation;particle size;chronic bronchitis;hospital admission;pollutant emission;dramatic change;adult mortality;air leakage;modern technology;industrial sector;economic valuation;primary data;financial viability;hot gas;arduous work;total energy;waste heat;internal combustion;



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Introducing energy-efficient clean technologies in the brick sector of Bangladesh (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.