Skip to Main Navigation

Horizontal inequalities as a cause of conflict : a review of crise findings (English)

Violent conflict in multi-ethnic and multi-religious countries remains a major problem in the world today. Fortunately, there is plentiful evidence to show that such conflict is not an unavoidable ramification of ethnic difference, an outcome of 'age-old ethnic hatreds' as is popularly suggested, nor of an unavoidable 'clash of civilizations'. The critical question, then, is why ethnic or religious conflict breaks out in some circumstances and not in others. CRISE (the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity) was established in 2003 at Oxford University, funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), with the basic aim understanding why many multi-ethnic and multi-religious societies countries are peaceful while others experience violent conflict, working in partnership with local scholars in three regions: Latin America (Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru), Southeast Asia (Indonesia and Malaysia) and West Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Nigeria). The hypothesis thus straddles two important strands in the literature on conflict: on the one hand, that ethnic or religious differences are at the heart of problem; and on the other, that cultural differences are superficial and instrumentalised, and it is economic factors (or political), in which the fundamental roots are to be found.

Details

  • Author

    Stewart, Frances

  • Document Date

    2010/08/20

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    62038

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/06/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Horizontal inequalities as a cause of conflict : a review of crise findings

  • Keywords

    Violent Conflict;risk of conflict;security and development;Civil War;incidence conflict;measure of inequality;multiethnic society;health care outcome;inequality of asset;right to citizenship;inequality in income;ownership of asset;chance of conflict;intensity conflict;types of capital;return to education;intensity of conflict;human rights legislation;implementation of policies;child mortality rate;Civil Service Employment;overseas development institute;panel data analysis;lack of focus;source of income;level of consciousness;source income;implications for development;political power;Armed Conflict;ethnic group;multiparty democracy;civil conflict;socioeconomic inequality;political inequality;employment opportunity;communal violence;indirect approach;progressive taxation;ethnic diversity;data limitation;humanitarian emergency;ethnic conflict;employment opportunities;redistributing resource;effective policies;inclusive society;federal state;foreign affair;risk assessment;national identity;Shared activity;political parties;political party;adequate representation;agricultural labor;expenditure policy;agricultural labour;conflict management;national policy;global view;governance reform;exclusionary politics;minority language;fighting poverty;religious education;survival analysis;social assets;state functions;credit programmes;financial crisis;positive relationship;peace negotiation;intervening factor;violent struggle;positive correlation;socioeconomic variables;development policy;independent variable;important policy;asset inequality;employment expansion;religious differences;proportional representation;political difference;colonial policy;Political Violence;regional poverty;political instability;econometric support;income inequality;demographic indicator;average household;Public Services;social inequality;economic grievance;econometric evidence;political opportunity;population size;religious conflict;ethnic hatred;previous draft;cross-country evidence;interaction effect;structural adjustment;educational access;international policy;aid policy;empirical analysis;intergroup conflict;democratic system;general development;political institution;ethnic politics;

Downloads

COMPLETE REPORT

Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Citation

Stewart, Frances

Horizontal inequalities as a cause of conflict : a review of crise findings (English). World Development Report background papers ; 2011 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/777621468340180812/Horizontal-inequalities-as-a-cause-of-conflict-a-review-of-crise-findings