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Horizontal inequalities as a cause of conflict : a review of crise findings (English)

Violent conflict in multi-ethnic and multi-religious countries remains a major problem in the world today. Fortunately, there is plentiful evidence to show that such conflict is not an unavoidable ramification of ethnic difference, an outcome of 'age-old ethnic hatreds' as is popularly suggested, nor of an unavoidable 'clash of civilizations'. The critical question, then, is why ethnic or religious conflict breaks out in some circumstances and not in others. CRISE (the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity) was established in 2003 at Oxford University, funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), with the basic aim understanding why many multi-ethnic and multi-religious societies countries are peaceful while others experience violent conflict, working in partnership with local scholars in three regions: Latin America (Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru), Southeast Asia (Indonesia and Malaysia) and West Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Nigeria). The hypothesis thus straddles two important strands in the literature on conflict: on the one hand, that ethnic or religious differences are at the heart of problem; and on the other, that cultural differences are superficial and instrumentalised, and it is economic factors (or political), in which the fundamental roots are to be found.


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    Stewart, Frances

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    Horizontal inequalities as a cause of conflict : a review of crise findings

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Stewart, Frances

Horizontal inequalities as a cause of conflict : a review of crise findings (English). World Development Report background papers ; 2011 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.