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The cost of air pollution : strengthening the economic case for action (English)

The Cost of Air Pollution: Strengthening the economic case for action, a joint study of the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), seeks to estimate the costs of premature deaths related to air pollution, to strengthen the case for action and facilitate decision making in the context of scarce resources. An estimated 5.5 million lives were lost in 2013 to diseases associated with outdoor and household air pollution, causing human suffering and reducing economic development. Those deaths cost the global economy about US$225 billion in lost labor income in 2013 and more than US$5 trillion in welfare losses, pointing toward the economic burden of air pollution.

Details

  • Document Date

    2016/09/08

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    108141

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2016/09/08

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    The cost of air pollution : strengthening the economic case for action

  • Keywords

    indoor air pollution in household;cost of pollution;Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease;premature mortality;ambient air pollution;total number of death;labor force participation rate;premature death;gross domestic product;solid fuel;Air Quality Management;labor income;children under age;polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon;air pollution levels;burden of disease;improvements in health;ischemic heart disease;wealth of nation;Learning and Innovation Credit;environmental protection authority;level of consumption;air pollution damage;death of child;risk of death;human capital stock;acute respiratory infection;air pollution impact;ministries of environment;privileges and immunity;purchasing power parity;costs of implementation;rate of crime;environmental health problem;volatile organic compound;environmental health risk;acute respiratory illness;forms of energy;effect of pollution;competitiveness of city;chamber of commerce;livability of city;livability city;reduction in pollution;impacts of pollution;high marginal costs;aerosol optical depth;air pollution control;public health risk;air pollution exposure;lung cancer;tobacco smoke;sexual abuse;occupational risk;lead exposure;maternal malnutrition;unsafe water;unsafe sex;health effect;Drug use;mortality risk;Death rates;fatality risk;physical activity;economic valuation;relative risk;plant species;Population Growth;lost income;global welfare;urban region;total deaths;productive labor;net saving;scarce resource;atmospheric deposition;natural ecosystem;health agencies;health burden;chronic bronchitis;satellite observations;heavy metal;disease burden;toxic substance;adverse health;damage cost;health outcome;business case;federal regulation;algal growth;scientific effort;migrant worker;minority communities;action on population;acid rain;agricultural output;longer period;point source;heavy industry;dead zone;Early childhood;algal bloom;rural area;poor household;low-income household;nitrogen oxide;global economy;public debate;human life;production management;scientific community;pastoral livelihood;air pollutant;aquatic ecosystem;sunlight reaching;surface water;surface ozone;disproportionate impact;polluted environments;rural town;environmental authority;informal settlement;anecdotal evidence;social cost;expected loss;baseline study;annual reporting;raw coal;valuation exercise;abatement option;large population;concentration levels;economic study;Economic Studies;urban competitiveness;federal government;national account;economic competitiveness;collaborative effort;sulfur dioxide;ambient concentration;indoor concentrations;welfare costs;household cooking;ambient ozone;health benefit;dollar value;recreational activity;causal link;empirical evidence;urban livability;agriculture sector;fertilizer use;benchmark index;crop field;ammonia emission;lifetime earnings;single person;systematic analysis;marginal change;saving rate;alternative scenarios;good health;equal weight;sensitivity analysis;risk assessment;dust storm;high concentration;project costing;satellite data;construction site;energy source;present value;ambient pollution;financial analysis;million people;pollution cost;aerodynamic diameter;nitrate compound;combustion source;dirty fuel;young adult;agricultural practice;age pattern;standard approach;environmental science;economic research;Environmental Policy;environmental economics;economic welfare;ground monitoring;fatal illnesses;plant growth;higher-income countries;income loss;working life;average wage;young population;financial cost;transport model;household use;indoor pollution;fuel use;budgetary priority;original work;global estimate;benefit analysis;dollar term;commercial purpose;older adult;sole responsibility;copyright owner;

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Citation

The cost of air pollution : strengthening the economic case for action (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/781521473177013155/The-cost-of-air-pollution-strengthening-the-economic-case-for-action