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The City Statute of Brazil : a commentary (English)

With their urbanization transition virtually complete, many Latin American cities have been increasingly responding to the challenge of overcoming a legacy of decades of social exclusion. In Brazil, years of pressure by social movements have pushed the issue of urban access and equity to the top of the political and developmental agendas. Confronted with the divisions created by one of the most unequal societies in the world, Brazil´s response was to change the Constitution in order to bring about long-term fundamental reform of the urban dynamic. National and city governments are now responding to the deep social and spatial divisions that characterize Brazilian cities and, indeed, cities of all sizes in many parts of the world. Wealthy neighborhoods benefiting from modern infrastructure, open spaces, cultural and sporting amenities, coexist with marginal settlements and vast slums, with little or no infrastructure, insecure tenure, and with their inhabitants exposed to the disastrous effects of extreme weather. For many years, only parts of Brazilian cities attracted the attention of planners, services provided by the city authorities and an unfair share of local budgets. The Brazilian Government signaled its intentions by creating the Ministry of Cities in 2003. The new Ministry was given the responsibility of helping states and municipalities to consolidate a new urban development model embracing housing, sanitation and urban transport. Within the Ministry, the National Secretariat for Urban Programs was charged with supporting the implementation of the City Statute. 2003 was also the year that the Ministry of Cities led the way for Brazil to become the first developing country to join the Cities Alliance. The present publication, prepared jointly by the Ministry of Cities and the Cities Alliance, is a first attempt to provide an account of the experiences and concepts guiding Brazil's effort to overcome urban inequality. The centerpiece of these efforts is the City Statute, a unique ground-breaking legal instrument conceived by the widespread urban reform movement in Brazil.

Details

  • Author

    Alli,Sergio De Carvalho, Bassul, Jose Roberto, Carvalho, Celso Santos, Fernandes,Edesio, Furbino Bretas Barros, Ana Maria, Maricato,Erminia, Montandon, Daniel Todtmann, Reali, Mario, Roberto Barbosa, Benedito, Rodrigues,Evaniza Lopes

  • Document Date

    2010/01/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    83253

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Brazil,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2014/01/09

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    The City Statute of Brazil : a commentary

  • Keywords

    social and economic development;skill need;female head of household;access to land;private property;urban social movement;private real estate;federal law;demand for good;international development agency;participatory budget process;environment and development;segments of society;living in poverty;unemployment and crime;education for all;real market value;expropriation of land;millennium development;motor vehicle transport;cities without slums;price of land;construction of housing;access to job;cost of land;number of stakeholders;trade union movement;urban management tool;economically active population;public-private partnership;types of property;public private partnership;management of city;ownership of land;standard of living;expansion of market;hectares of land;sectors of society;absence of investment;investment in housing;public health specialists;urban land;urban space;Urban Planning;public policy;Land Ownership;social function;unequal society;social participation;Housing Policy;city authority;urban development;public authority;municipal authority;housing alternative;internal market;welfare state;property ownership;social power;living condition;domestic sewage;urban legislation;social contract;septic tank;legal instrument;fragile land;middle class;vacant land;legal regulation;social worker;holistic approach;endogenous development;sewage collection;mangrove swamp;peripheral area;fragile areas;formal property;military regime;northern hemisphere;city government;urban policy;urban amenity;military government;public lighting;public area;private land;low-income population;social policy;downtown area;social policies;legal assistance;total stock;women's health;resolving problem;military coup;Organised Crime;labour force;industrial effluent;local reality;white population;individual city;financial resource;water resource;Basic Sanitation;human rights;reinforced concrete;industrial worker;land question;personal information;property appreciation;legal basis;federal government;environmental condition;sewage network;public fund;political marketing;Sewage Disposal;informal labour;city site;Social Conflict;agricultural worker;mining product;municipal fund;social rehabilitation;remote place;public order;technological standard;cable tv;federal resource;municipal autonomy;black people;educational level;radical change;property market;political freedom;political participation;brazilian society;professional association;academic research;sanitation system;catholic church;safety valve;brazilian constitution;urban movements;unanimous approval;housing movements;democratic government;parliamentary representative;urban transport;academic institution;professional body;land property;urban inequality;slave labour;Public Services;economic crisis;important change;urban justice;research activities;research activity;international capital;local elite;nation state;land invasion;environmental legislation;vulnerable area;land estates;potable water;primary product;housing finance;effective application;environmental area;urban service;social force;legal provision;absolute right;informal housing;local budget;extreme weather;insecure tenure;urban dynamic;net result;Urban Access;social exclusion;urban upgrade;simple task;developmental agendas;political agenda;rural land;urban issue;international market;external source;zoning law;social aspect;social realities;social deprivation;environmental degradation;idle land;social structure;negative effect;global phenomenon;Road Networks;social amenities;municipal administration;production method;interest due;rising cost;community facility;urban planner;greenhouse effect;local condition;housing shortage;financial system;prescriptive right;work ethic;market force;unequal country;individual right;high-tech product;federal level;social circumstances;conspicuous consumption;poor adolescents;political autonomy;informal sector;housing problem;technological change;government housing;housing need;inalienable rights;public community

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Citation

Alli,Sergio De Carvalho Bassul, Jose Roberto Carvalho, Celso Santos Fernandes,Edesio Furbino Bretas Barros, Ana Maria Maricato,Erminia Montandon, Daniel Todtmann Reali, Mario Roberto Barbosa, Benedito Rodrigues,Evaniza Lopes

The City Statute of Brazil : a commentary (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/781901468014398230/The-City-Statute-of-Brazil-a-commentary