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Romania Catching-Up Regions : Final Report (Romanian)

The mandate of the EU cohesion’s policy is to narrow development gaps and reduce disparities between member countries and regions whilst supporting the European Union’s growth agenda more generally. Part of European Structural and Investment (ESI) Funds have been allocated to help EU regions become more competitive in the 2014-2020 Programming Period, with a focus on less developed regions and transition regions. However, not all EU regions have been able to fully take advantage of the benefits, due inter alia to the effects of the 2008 economic crisis and structural problems. For the 2021-2027 Programming Period, the European Commission proposed that the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) will have a stronger focus on sustainable urban development (SUD) activities, with member states having to allocate least six percent of ERDF funds for integrated development in urban areas (SUD), either through a dedicated operational programme, a dedicated priority axis, within an operational programme, or with the help of tools such as Integrated Territorial Investments (ITI) or community-led local development (CLLD). The European Commission also wants to offer more incentives for a more effective governance based on partnership, multi-level governance and an integrated place-based approach in its programmes. Thus, all EU member countries, Romania included, have to have a stronger focus on cross-sectoral and inter-jurisdictional approaches, and they have to better respond to the needs of territories that may not be defined by one clear administrative boundary. In pursuance of this and to guide design of the SUD in the 2021-2027 programming period, the World Bank undertook extensive research that covers the four areas. This report synthesizes the key takeaways and recommendations from each of these reports, and comes with a set of additional proposals, using also additional data and information collected in the interim.


  • Author

    Kriss,Paul, Silimela,Yondela Tembakazi, Cristea,Marius, Ionescu-Heroiu,Marcel, Bunding-Venter,Carli, Vintan,Adina Dorina, Frant,Oana, Moldoveanu,George Alexandru

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    Europe and Central Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Romania Catching-Up Regions : Final Report

  • Keywords

    Adaptation to Climate Change; small and medium size enterprise; bus rapid transit; reimbursable advisory services; operation and maintenance cost; access to social protection; vocational education and training; climate change adaptation measures; resilience to climate change; Primary and Secondary Education; Technical and Vocational Education; broad range of stakeholders; urban development strategy; sustainable urban development; Research and Innovation; allocation of fund; national urban policy; Solid Waste Management; multimodal transport; disaster management system; private sector representative; large urban areas; Early childhood education; household waste management; clean urban transport; large metropolitan areas; SME business development; geographic information system; provision water; local public finance; lack of integration; environment for innovation; dilution of resources; burden on municipality; labour market institution; public utility service; water resource conservation; natural tourism resource; resource allocation decision; district heating system; intermodal freight transport; risk of poverty; labour market participation; gas distribution network; local public transport; locality population; transfer of competence; special educational facility; source of funding; level of capacity; provision of water; education and health; regional urban development; per capita allocation; separation at source; Type of Investment; waste water infrastructure; transmission and distribution; infrastructure and services; assessment of capacity; internet of things; hazardous waste management; cooperation and development; territorial development strategy; private sector engagement; international good practice; source of financing; low carbon economy; regional development agency; higher education sector; long term planning; lack of resource; local public administration; budget execution data; other transport modes; devolution of responsibility; multiple funding sources; information and communication; mechanical biological treatment; environment fund; water and wastewater; energy efficiency intervention; civil society work; social protection system; flood protection measure; thematic area; organizational models; urban population; cooperation model; core city; urban regeneration; urban settlement; administrative boundary; Capital Investments; urban agglomeration; fiscal instrument; legislative framework; Technology Transfer; allocation of investment; educational infrastructure; draft law; administrative capacity; Cultural Heritage; integrated development; administrative tier; investment need; financial allocation; rural area; Fixed Assets; micro enterprise; innovation activity; public research; intangible asset; health infrastructure; social inclusion; administrative burden; rural transportation infrastructure; vulnerable group; awareness raising; environmental objective; utility infrastructure; investment budget; lagging region; regional needs; recent years; population size; urban mobility; public lighting; inland waterway; fund allocations; spatial planning; urban municipality; territorial planning; business infrastructure; regional allocations; intermodal transport; urban investment; disadvantaged people; emergency hospitals; youth employment; Employment Services; social economy; social integration; basic infrastructure; limited resources; effective governance; non-governmental organization; housing infrastructure; disadvantaged community; physical activity; integrated strategy; private research; circular economy; urban agenda; risk prevention; support measure; experimental development; digital skills; public building; financial instrument; the administration; balanced development; urban plan; best practice; business premise; urban administration; local capacity; social infrastructure; citizen participation; wireless communication; fuel infrastructure; information exchange; own-source revenue; local ownership; access funding



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Kriss,Paul Silimela,Yondela Tembakazi Cristea,Marius Ionescu-Heroiu,Marcel Bunding-Venter,Carli Vintan,Adina Dorina Frant,Oana Moldoveanu,George Alexandru

Romania Catching-Up Regions : Final Report (Romanian). Romania: Catching-Up Regions Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.