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Romania – Systematic Country Diagnostic : background note – climate and disaster management (English)

Romania is severely exposed to a range of natural disasters—in particular, to earthquakes and floods—resulting in substantial social, physical, and financial impacts across the country. Since 1990, 77 severe disaster events were recorded in Romania, including 44 floods, 15 extreme temperature events, 7 storms, 2 earthquakes, 1 drought and 1 landslide, resulting in more than US 3.5 billion dollars of direct damage. Over the last 100 years, 13 earthquakes resulted in 2,630 fatalities and affected more than 400,000 people, with damages from the 1977 earthquake alone exceeding US 2 billion dollars. At the same time, the potential impact of natural disasters is increasing because of: (i) the increasing exposure of people and economic assets; (ii) insufficient funding for risk reduction; and (iii) the effects of climate change.

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Simpson,Alanna Leigh Ayhan,Elif Murisic,Maja Kerblat,Yann Dube,Tafadzwa Irvine Calin,Alexandra Mathema,Ashna S. Skalon,Tatiana Hallegatte,Stephane

Romania – Systematic Country Diagnostic : background note – climate and disaster management (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/785381530899707521/Romania-Systematic-Country-Diagnostic-background-note-climate-and-disaster-management