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India - Tamil Nadu Rural Transformation Project : environmental assessment : Environmental and social management framework - Volume II (English)

The development objective of the Tamil Nadu Rural Transformation Project for India is to promote rural enterprises, access to finance and employment opportunities in 120 blocks of Tamil Nadu. Some of the negative impacts and mitigation measures are includes : (i) use if high yielding varieties, hybrids may impact local diversity; (ii) increased use of pesticides in more quantities than desired leading to runoff into water bodies and polluting them and polluting environment,negative effects on health etc. soil degradation due to fertilizer use in more quantities (without soil testing) and high uptake of nutrients due to high responding varieties; (iv) adopt organic manuring practices as far as possible. Any chemical fertilizer application should be based on soil testing; (v) storage of grains andproducts like turmeric, redgram etc. needs drying to attain prescribed moisturelevel to avoid pest and disease infestation which may call for chemical use for management; (vi) storage facility should be wellventilated and free of moisture seepage. Care must be taken to ensure this during construction or renting of such facilities; (vii) use energy efficient equipmentfor processing (such as steam boilers in turmeric, steam roaster in cashew or aquapulper in coffee); (viii) organic produce may get contaminated when transported along with other non food commodities like fertilizers, pesticides etc.; (ix) lack of proper facilities toworkers may result in health issues; (x) increase the participation of women, especially those from the poor families; strengthen women in decision making;


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    Environmental Assessment

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    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Environmental and social management framework - Volume II

  • Keywords

    legal and regulatory framework;Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise;information and communication technology;enterprise business;sanitary napkins;health guideline;Environment and Social Sustainability;Knowledge Management & Learning;human resource management;community based training;Information, Education and Communication;mitigation measure;capacity building plan;high risk activities;enterprise promotion;safe disposal;negative environmental impact;stakeholder consultation workshop;access to finance;environmental sustainability;fruit and vegetable;business plan development;good environmental management;activity category;capacity building need;Water and Energy;gap in access;rural economic growth;grass root level;skill training programs;formal financial institution;income generating activity;formal financial sector;private value;business development service;environmental screening category;law and regulation;consumption of resources;income generation activities;meat processing industry;ecosystem development;environmental aspect;Natural Resources;green rate;environmental benefit;institutional mechanism;environmental implication;environmental safeguard;environmental issue;financial instrument;dairy product;ensuring compliance;worker safety;flow chart;livestock rearing;enhancing access;rural enterprise;diagnostic study;project intervention;industrial sector;internal monitoring;natural habitat;innovative solution;job opportunities;job opportunity;field visits;harmful waste;female youth;employment outcome;Safeguard Policies;safeguard policy;raw material;innovation promotion;input supply;men entrepreneur;product distribution;entrepreneurial ability;adolescent girl;rural economy;targeted outcomes;pilot initiatives;state capacity;green technology;feminine hygiene;market strategy;product testing;enterprise group;citizen engagement;lump sum;analytical approach;brand value;business condition;production line;Job Creation;skill set;legal license;business enterprise;sustainable management;hospital waste;focused training;hepatitis b;production efficiency;ph value;instruction leaflet;self-employment opportunity;cluster level;induction training;landfill disposal;safe handling;agricultural ecosystem;cultural aspects;waste generation;paper product;production technology;farm household;green innovation;intensive market;sun drying;intensive cropping;ground water;guarantee system;food processing;household level;fish culture;farm pond;small ruminant;biomass briquettes;horticulture crop;flour mill;dry process;leather products;inorganic chemical;organic manure;coconut husks;environmental enterprise;air pollutant;water pollutant;body parts;private intervention;applicable law;market player;green jobs;minimal impact;Animal Husbandry;economic empowerment;individual enterprise;credit guarantee;existing resources;self-employment occupations;food sector;food system;job placement;train service;village panchayats;individual entrepreneur;result indicator;wage employment;direct beneficiaries;financial product;staff costs;audit mechanisms;management framework;remedial measure;employment opportunities;creating job;institutional architecture;financial service;social aspect;carbon monoxide;ammonia nitrogen;Enterprise Development;improved environment;alternative energy;positive impact;menstrual hygiene;market place;class activity;energy audits;environment assessment;proactive intervention;package product;public use;Waste Management;environment benefit;biogas plant;quality testing;



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India - Tamil Nadu Rural Transformation Project : environmental assessment : Environmental and social management framework - Volume II (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.