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Building the skills for economic growth and competitiveness in Sri Lanka : Main report (English)

This book analyzes skills demand and supply in Sri Lanka and scrutinizes how skills are formed, the factors shaping skills demand, and the responsiveness of the system. Sri Lanka has made strong progress in economic growth and poverty reduction. Economic growth and structural changes in the economy, however, make skills development imperative as Sri Lanka implements its the Mahinda Chintana plan to become a regional hub in strategic economic areas. Yet, skills shortages and mismatches are widespread, and firms with undereducated employees and a shortage of skilled labor are less productive. This book proposes an effective skills development system to help diversify the country's economy, improve its labor productivity and competitiveness, offer the country the flexibility to compete effectively in the global economy, and further reduce poverty in the country. After the book's introduction to the Mahinda Chintana plan, chapter two describes the general education and training system in Sri Lanka, especially the TVET sector. Chapter three examines the main drivers of skills demand and skills mismatches and gaps in Sri Lanka. Chapter four studies the relationship between education, training, and labor market outcomes, including skills already available in the workforce. Chapters five and six analyze factors affecting the skills supply system, such as cost, financing, and governance and also private sector provision. Chapter seven briefly reviews firm-based training in Sri Lanka based on evidence from the employer survey. Chapter eight assesses workforce development policies in Sri Lanka based on the World Bank's Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) framework. Finally, chapter nine provides the summary of main findings and outlines possibilities for the way forward in skills development in Sri Lanka. Please note that Figure 5.2 in the book is incorrect, and should be replaced by the corresponding figure in volume 2 of this report.


  • Author

    Aturupane,Harsha, Dundar,Halil, Millot,Benoit, Piyasiri, Tilkaratne A., Savchenko,Yevgeniya

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  • Country

    Sri Lanka,

  • Region

    South Asia,

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    Main report

  • Keywords

    private for-profit;education and training system;Technical and Vocational Education;Primary and Secondary Education;vocational education and training;information and communication technology;information on labor market;Vocational and Technical Education;skill development;demand for skill;labor market demand;quality of instruction;cognitive skill;Access to Education;working age population;public training center;labor market information;skill development program;employer having;incentives for performance;general education system;population growth rate;returns to schooling;regression of log;labor market entrant;participation of woman;quality and relevance;literacy and numeracy;per capita income;output per worker;share of employment;medium-term expenditure framework;economic development plan;individual learning account;human resource development;economics of education;gross national income;tax and regulation;jobs and growth;acquisition of skill;labor market need;highly skilled workforce;Early Childhood Development;higher education sector;higher education institution;youth training program;export processing zone;privileges and immunity;higher educational institution;national skill development;global financial crisis;poverty reduction goal;human capital development;trained labor force;complete primary education;sri lankans;skill need;skill shortage;soft skills;informal sector;low-skilled worker;unemployment rate;Workforce Development;wage premium;labor productivity;gender parity;household survey;upward mobility;test score;education finance;vocational skill;rural resident;skilled labor;unrealistic expectation;institutional failure;lower-skilled worker;young people;market distortion;global economy;occupational requirement;enterprise performance;mathematics skill;government goal;job opportunities;curriculum revision;skill type;manual skill;computer skill;policy priority;low-skilled job;average worker;hourly wage;central authority;teacher motivation;performance incentive;instructional material;employer demand;public budget;management skill;practical skill;middle-income economy;accurate information;resource utilization;external efficiency;coherent framework;regional demand;demographic change;market relevance;limited literacy;informal apprenticeship;computer knowledge;emotional stability;Labor migration;urban population;rural area;student demand;manual labor;potential demand;job opportunity;employment opportunity;international client;education strategy;proxy indicator;poverty alleviation;pay scale;employment opportunities;formal economy;Knowledge Hub;real gdp;strategic areas;policy option;non-governmental organization;machine operator;sales personnel;enterprise behavior;operational work;IS Building;mechanical engineering;basic competency;direct investment;skill formation;foreign language;internal conflict;commercial purpose;youth affair;efficient management;Education Policy;journal articles;quality improvement;photo collection;regional hub;strategic economic;youth unemployment;workforce skill;payroll levy;skill gap;nonformal training;informal training;coping strategy;private provision;enterprise survey;administrative support;capital expenditure;comparator country;capital budget;academic staff;information collection;original work;copyright owner;family poverty;delivery mechanism;previous one;Armed Conflict;education level;unemployment decline;Informal Economy;job market;dependency ratio;young adult;participation rate;agricultural worker;lifelong learning;economic diversification;



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Aturupane,Harsha Dundar,Halil Millot,Benoit Piyasiri, Tilkaratne A. Savchenko,Yevgeniya

Building the skills for economic growth and competitiveness in Sri Lanka : Main report (English). Directions in development,human development Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.