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Haitian cities : actions for today with an eye on tomorrow (French)

Today, more than half of Haiti’s population calls cities and towns their home, in a major shift from the 1950s when around 90 percent of Haitians lived in the countryside. Urbanization is usually paired with economic growth, increased productivity, and higher living standards, but in Haiti it has taken a different course. Potential benefits have been overshadowed by immense challenges, all of which require immediate action. To better understand the factors that constrain the sustainable and inclusive development of Haitian cities, this Urbanization Review organizes the challenges along three dimensions of urban development namely planning, connecting, and financing. Planning reviews the challenges in supporting resilient growth to create economically vibrant, environmentally sustainable, and livable cities. Connecting focuses on the obstacles of physically linking people to jobs and businesses to markets, while financing focuses on identifying the key capital, governance, and institutional constraints that are hurdles to successful planning and connecting.


  • Author

    Lozano Gracia,Nancy, Garcia Lozano,Marisa

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

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  • Country


  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

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  • Doc Name

    Haitian cities : actions for today with an eye on tomorrow

  • Keywords

    performance in service delivery;urban growth;land use;local government capacity building;cadastre and land registration;Survey of Living Conditions;social and economic development;public financial management reform;legal and regulatory framework;Labor Market;Municipal Finance;property right;land use planning;natural disaster risk;Urban Planning;local revenue base;weak legal framework;lack of road;effective decision making;poor road maintenance;rights of way;Urban Infrastructure;urban population;motorized transport;economies of scale;Rule of Law;improvement in governance;control of corruption;public service provision;access to finance;main road network;local service provision;flood risk management;disaster risk management;children attending schools;expansion of education;lack of transparency;senior operations;world health organization;travel to work;land and housing;local government autonomy;legislation and regulation;main urban center;revenue from taxes;urban labor market;local government management;management of finances;demand for service;public transport travel;average commute distance;cost of repair;quality of transport;delivery of service;informed decision making;efficient labor market;alternative financing mechanism;financial management capacity;adequate financial resources;volume of fuel;public transport subsidy;road maintenance fund;tax collection capacity;source of income;source income;source of revenue;devolution of responsibility;economies of agglomeration;amount of land;effective service provision;urban population growth;infrastructure investment program;per capita expenditure;Land Registration System;solid waste service;infrastructure and services;high crime rate;cost of construction;exposure to risk;solid waste collection;urban development;natural hazard;municipal revenue;transport investment;own-source revenue;urban service;road space;urban expansion;municipal government;increased speed;poor household;financial autonomy;urban resident;land administration;municipal cooperation;service deficits;urbanization;Land Registry;fuel price;decentralization framework;spatial mismatch;transfer system;risk exposure;Population Density;employment opportunities;community engagement;employment opportunity;inappropriate regulation;information gap;metropolitan area;development partner;national transfer;financial system;fiscal decentralization;Public Services;Land Ownership;social exclusion;governance challenge;limited resources;financial opportunity;official statistic;urban dweller;hazard risk;rapid urbanization;residential area;pedestrian mobility;street vendor;vehicle maintenance;rural population;road section;city dweller;efficient vehicle;local operator;round trip;revenue autonomy;public finance;urbanization process;public intervention;building code;residential location;Road Accidents;pedestrian comfort;fiscal transfer;property ownership;permit fee;construction permit;fiscal discipline;public resource;seismic hazard;land cadaster;local capacity;transport network;Property tax;business tax;accountability relationship;reform work;decentralization effort;participatory approach;urban housing;budget capacity;coordinated action;basic standard;administrative capacity;technical competency;environmental cost;real impact;draft law;collaborative effort;financing system;enhancing transparency;vulnerability assessment;Public Infrastructure;resolution mechanism;information governance;sidewalk space;reconstruction activities;land cadastre;land title;increase productivity;living standard;inclusive development;livability city;transport expenditure;Public Transportation;noncommercial purposes;subsidiary right;environment planning;investment financing;urban transport;financial constraint;hurricane season;political instability;extreme poverty;Health Service;resilient development;Infant Mortality;infrastructure expansion;long-term sustainability;urban challenge;criminal activity;business environment;household use;technological innovation



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Lozano Gracia,Nancy Garcia Lozano,Marisa

Haitian cities : actions for today with an eye on tomorrow (French). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.