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Food Data Collection in Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys : Guidelines for Low- and Middle-Income Countries (English)

Food constitutes a key component of a number of fundamental welfare dimensions, such as food security, nutrition, health, and poverty. It makes up the largest share of total household expenditure in low-income countries, accounting, on average, for about fifty percent of the household budget and accordingly, constitutes a sizeable share of the economy. The measurement of food consumption is crucial to assess and guide the mandate of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to eradicate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition, as well as the World Bank's twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty; and boosting shared prosperity. It is also important for national accounts measures of the overall size of the economy, such as gross domestic product (GDP). Finally, it is of interest to national and local governments and non-governmental organizations to guide local and regional analysis and policy, as the mismeasurement of food consumption can lead to the misallocation of funds and compromise the design, monitoring, and evaluation of relevant policies and programs. The main vehicle used to collect information on food consumption for these purposes are household consumption and expenditure surveys (HCES). However, current practices for collecting consumption data differ widely across types of surveys, between countries, and over time, compromising the quality and comparability of resulting data and measures. In the interest of improving food consumption measures and to ensure that data collected respond to the needs of a wide range of users, several development partners have come together around a common agenda aimed at harmonizing practices and recommendations for design of food consumption modules in HCES. In the present report, a preliminary set of internationally agreed recommendations to adopt in future HCES is proposed in order to collect food data aimed at improving the measurement of food consumption.


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    Food Data Collection in Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys : Guidelines for Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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Food Data Collection in Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys : Guidelines for Low- and Middle-Income Countries (English). LSMS Guidebook Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.