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Madagascar - Rural Transport Project : environmental and social impact assessment (Vol. 5) : Reconstruction de 8 ponts, stabilisation de lavaka »érodées, et cloutage sur des tronçons de la RN44 (French)

This is an environmental and social impact assessment for the Rural Transportation Project for Madagascar. Road rehabilitation has a positive overall impact, particularly on the social and economic environments. The major potential downsides are physical (e.g., damage to soil, sand encroachment, flora and fauna, loss of habitat, deforestation) and social (disruption of life, resettlement, loss of cultural sites). The potential effects of road rehabilitation on soil, flora, and fauna have been assessed on every road, especially in the biologically diverse eco-regions. Five of the 350 roads provide greater access to sensitive areas. This could intensify existing pressure on virgin forests and on native fauna. Nevertheless, such effects will be mitigated by measures such as by creating the "Gestions Locales de Securite (GELOSE) and other similar institutions to protect the environment. For roads going through damaged areas, environmental measures (e.g., reforestation, drainage pit stabilization) will be appraised in the field during preparation of the detailed design studies. Other environmental measures include drainage to reduce water pollution; and road paving and using labor-intensive methods to reduce dust.

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Land Ressources Transport Sector Project (TSP) NGO Lalana Basler

Madagascar - Rural Transport Project : environmental and social impact assessment (Vol. 5) : Reconstruction de 8 ponts, stabilisation de lavaka »érodées, et cloutage sur des tronçons de la RN44 (French). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/797821468271770238/Reconstruction-de-8-ponts-stabilisation-de-lavaka-érodées-et-cloutage-sur-des-tronçons-de-la-RN44