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Sanitation in Wonosobo : two evaluation approaches compared (English)

The field note compares two approaches in the design of each evaluation methodology in providing sanitation, through the Wonosobo case study: the conventional survey data collection, measures individual responses to questions on sanitation, and latrine uses, but provides limited discussion opportunities to clarify unsolved issues; in contrast, the participatory method emphasizes focus group discussions, to help empower participants in identifying, discussing, clarifying, and resolving problems within their own communities. Key findings suggest the two approaches produced both similar, and different assessment results. However, it became also clear that the use of different approaches can provide comparable results, if attention is given to their design, and implementation processes. The sampling process was a key attribute in the discrepancies of the assessment results: while the participatory method was sensitive to the representation of men-women, and rich-poor groups, the conventional survey results were sensitive to the total number of respondents in order to properly represent the village conditions. Thus, by excluding considerations of village-level variations during the design of the sampling process, assessments may result biased toward certain village groups. However, inadequate time was invested in undertaking the participatory method, resulting in a less accurate picture of village conditions.




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Walujan,Ruth Hopkins,Richard M. Istandar,Arie

Sanitation in Wonosobo : two evaluation approaches compared (English). Water and Sanitation Program field note Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.