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Strengthening Vietnam’s Trucking Sector : Towards Lower Logistics Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions : Tăng cường ngành Vận tải hàng hóa đường bộ Việt Nam : Hướng đến giảm Chi phí Logistics và Phát thải khí nhà kính (Vietnamese)

Roads form the backbone of freight transportation in Vietnam. In 2016, roads accounted for 77 percent of the freight volume transported in the country. Logistics costs in Vietnam account for nearly 21 percent of the Vietnam’s GDP, higher than most of its peers in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which affects the competitiveness of exports and adds to the cost of goods for producers and consumers. Further, the Government of Vietnam (GoV) has signed multiple climate treaties and has been focusing on reducing the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the country. The trucking sector contributes to nearly 4 percent of the country’s emissions, while the transport sector contributes about 10 percent. Yet, the Vietnam trucking sector is understudied. This study takes a first-ever comprehensive look at the trucking sector to define policies aimed at: (a) reducing logistics costs, greenhouse gas emissions, and the emission of local pollutants in truck-based supply chains; (b) improving the functioning and attractiveness of the trucking sector as an industry to attract quality private sector investments; and (c) improving the regulatory, planning, and oversight practices by the public institutions responsible for the trucking industry at the national and sub-national levels.

Details

  • Author

    Lam,Yin Yin, Sriram, Kaushik, Khera, Navdha

  • Document Date

    2019/04/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    135753

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Vietnam,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2019/04/02

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Tăng cường ngành Vận tải hàng hóa đường bộ Việt Nam : Hướng đến giảm Chi phí Logistics và Phát thải khí nhà kính

  • Keywords

    logistics cost; truck operator; small and medium size enterprise; movement of goods across border; international organization for standardization; small and medium enterprise; Cost of Doing Business; data collection and analysis; Return on Capital Employed; truck driver; logistics service provider; truck fleet; road user charge; freight volume; greenhouse gas emission; policy option; fuel efficiency; congestion on road; domestic cargo; inland container depot; international energy agency; road freight transport; road infrastructure; management of road; cost of goods; competitiveness of export; participation of woman; labor force survey; trade and investment; cost of toll; implementation of regulation; access to financing; maritime cargo; foreign direct investment; container handling facility; radio frequency identification; gross vehicle weight; minimum capital requirement; number of accidents; inland waterway transport; transport service provider; cargo handling equipment; transport railway; greenhouse gas assessment; child care facility; land use planning; network of woman; privileges and immunity; emission of pollutant; lack of awareness; multimodal transport system; ports and waterways; transportation of good; private sector company; number of women; global supply chain; mode of transport; coastal shipping; supply side; trucking company; fleet mix; investment option; transportation cost; heavy truck; freight transportation; transportation company; logistics company; fleet age; road transportation; fleet characteristic; transportation sector; vietnamese dong; export value; female participation; utilization rate; fleet modernization; positive impact; rural transportation infrastructure; truck traffic; national logistic; professional experience; industry player; supply-side policy; integrate logistics; firm level; government entity; old vehicle; long-term contract; road damage; age category; business administration; business model; public transportation mode; transport mode; freight flow; online service; commercial vehicle; modernization program; residential zone; economic zone; route planning; city traffic; city road; passenger vehicle; domestic freight; domestic consumption; access road; transit stop; government expenditure; market structure; passenger traffic; maritime port; registration tax; elevated road; personal health; industrial zone; lending scheme; lending rate; domestic shipping; foreign brokerage; Open Data; informal payment; vehicle age; study estimate; fuel cost; fuel import; capacity utilization; fleet size; economic competitiveness; Industrial Goods; industrial sector; industrial production; export activity; interest cost; household consumption; vehicle owner; career option; role models; female workforce; digital models; exchange model; registration procedure; service contract; road access; road condition; active participant; wage gap; transport company; freight forwarder; haulage company; transaction service; technology applications; transportation activity; information gap; supply base; truck lane; infrastructure facility; continuous service; management position; automobile sector; production capacity; average age; annual sale; freight movement; domestic innovation; technology adoption; domestic production; maximum hour; paid maternity; working woman; gender ratio; government recognition; transportation planning; job opportunity; job opportunities; vocational program; trucking operation; carbon footprint; carbon transport; facilitating trade; policy study; consumption level; increased trade; logistics industry; industry policy; Industrial Policies; emission level; carbon emission; supply market; policy formulation; nationwide survey; secondary sources; field survey; primary source; private investment; private intervention; analytical models; environmental dimension; survey results; speed limitation; survey respondent; vehicle loans; price competition; district road; regulatory influence; information flow

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Citation

Lam,Yin Yin Sriram, Kaushik Khera, Navdha

Strengthening Vietnam’s Trucking Sector : Towards Lower Logistics Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions : Tăng cường ngành Vận tải hàng hóa đường bộ Việt Nam : Hướng đến giảm Chi phí Logistics và Phát thải khí nhà kính (Vietnamese). Vietnam Transport Knowledge Series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/804331554202696143/Tăng-cường-ngành-Vận-tải-hàng-hóa-đường-bộ-Việt-Nam-Hướng-đến-giảm-Chi-phí-Logistics-và-Phát-thải-khí-nhà-kính